Discrimination and Poverty

  • Shelley Correll
  • Cecilia Ridgeway
  • David Pedulla

Leaders: Shelley Correll, David Pedulla, Cecilia Ridgeway 

The Poverty and Discrimination RG is charged with developing a regularized protocol for measuring the amount and extent of discrimination in labor and housing markets. It is increasingly clear that labor market discrimination, far from withering away, remains very prominent for many statuses and in many types of markets. However, because this research tradition is based on “one-off” audit studies and laboratory experiments, it is not possible to compare across studies and assess which types of discrimination are the most important or the most resistant to change. There is accordingly a need to build a standardized protocol for monitoring trends in discrimination across the various types of discrimination in play (e.g., poverty status, employment status, homelessness, economic background, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, incarceration status, citizenship, religion, disability). The twofold objective of this protocol is to make it possible to assess which types of discrimination are especially prominent and which types are growing weaker or stronger over time.

 

Discrimination - CPI Research

Title Author Media
An Empirical Analysis of Homosexual/Heterosexual Male Earnings Differentials: Unmarried and Unequal? Sylvia A. Allegretto and Michelle M. Arthur

An Empirical Analysis of Homosexual/Heterosexual Male Earnings Differentials: Unmarried and Unequal?

Author: Sylvia A. Allegretto and Michelle M. Arthur
Publisher: Industrial Labor Relation Review
Date:
The Wage Effects of Sexual Orientation Discrimination Badgett, M. V. Lee.

The Wage Effects of Sexual Orientation Discrimination

Author: Badgett, M. V. Lee.
Publisher:
Date:
Discrimination: Conscious or Nonconscious? Trond Petersen

Discrimination: Conscious or Nonconscious?

Author: Trond Petersen
Publisher:
Date:
The Theory of Discrimination Arrow, Kenneth

The Theory of Discrimination

Author: Arrow, Kenneth
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan

Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination

Author: Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan
Publisher: The American Economic Association
Date:

We perform a field experiment to measure racial discrimination in the labor market. We respond with fictitious resumes to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago newspapers. To manipulate perception of race, each resume is randomly assigned either a very African American sounding name or a very White sounding name. The results show significant discrimination against African-American names: White names receive 50 percent more callbacks for interviews. We also find that race affects the benefits of a
better resume. For White names, a higher quality resume elicits 30 percent more callbacks whereas for African Americans, it elicits a far smaller increase. Applicants living in better neighborhoods receive more callbacks but, interestingly, this effect does not differ by race. The amount of discrimination is uniform across occupations and industries. Federal contractors and employers who list “Equal Opportunity Employer” in their ad discriminate as much as other employers. We find little evidence that our results
are driven by employers inferring something other than race, such as social class, from the names. These results suggest that racial discrimination is still a prominent feature of the labor market.

discrimination - CPI Affiliates

Susan Fiske's picture Susan Fiske Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology; Professor of Public Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
Princeton University
Valerie Purdie-Vaughns's picture Valerie Purdie-Vaughns Director for the Laboratory of Intergroup Relations and the Social Mind; Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology; Research Fellow at the Institute for Research on African-American Studies
Columbia University
William T. Bielby Professor of Sociology
University of Illinois-Chicago
Deborah Prentice's picture Deborah Prentice Alexander Stewart 1886 Professor of Psychology, Dean of Faculty
Princeton University
Deborah Rhode's picture Deborah Rhode Ernest W. McFarland Professor of Law; Director, Center on the Legal Profession
Stanford University

Pages

Discrimination - Other Research

Title Author Media
Flexible Firms and Labor Market Segmentation: Effects of Workplace Restructuring on Jobs and Workers Arne. L. Kalleberg

Flexible Firms and Labor Market Segmentation: Effects of Workplace Restructuring on Jobs and Workers

Author: Arne. L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Work and Occupations
Date: 05/2003
Urban Poverty and Juvenile Crime: Evidence from a Randomized Housing-Mobility Experiment Jens Ludwig, Greg J. Duncan and Paul Hirschfield

Urban Poverty and Juvenile Crime: Evidence from a Randomized Housing-Mobility Experiment

Author: Jens Ludwig, Greg J. Duncan and Paul Hirschfield
Publisher: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Date: 05/2001
Skill-Biased Technological Change and Wage Inequality: Evidence from a Plant Retooling Roberto M. Fernandez

Skill-Biased Technological Change and Wage Inequality: Evidence from a Plant Retooling

Author: Roberto M. Fernandez
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date: 02/2001
Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany Brubaker, Rogers W.

Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany

Author: Brubaker, Rogers W.
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Date:
Punishment and Inequality in America Bruce Western

Punishment and Inequality in America

Author: Bruce Western
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Date:

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