Discrimination and Poverty

  • Shelley Correll
  • Cecilia Ridgeway
  • David Pedulla

Leaders: Shelley Correll, David Pedulla, Cecilia Ridgeway 

The Poverty and Discrimination RG is charged with developing a regularized protocol for measuring the amount and extent of discrimination in labor and housing markets. It is increasingly clear that labor market discrimination, far from withering away, remains very prominent for many statuses and in many types of markets. However, because this research tradition is based on “one-off” audit studies and laboratory experiments, it is not possible to compare across studies and assess which types of discrimination are the most important or the most resistant to change. There is accordingly a need to build a standardized protocol for monitoring trends in discrimination across the various types of discrimination in play (e.g., poverty status, employment status, homelessness, economic background, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, incarceration status, citizenship, religion, disability). The twofold objective of this protocol is to make it possible to assess which types of discrimination are especially prominent and which types are growing weaker or stronger over time.

 

Discrimination - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Discrimination: Conscious or Nonconscious? Trond Petersen

Discrimination: Conscious or Nonconscious?

Author: Trond Petersen
Publisher:
Date:
The Theory of Discrimination Arrow, Kenneth

The Theory of Discrimination

Author: Arrow, Kenneth
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Career Jobs are Dead Peter Cappelli

Career Jobs are Dead

Author: Peter Cappelli
Publisher: California Management Review
Date:
Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination Beck, E.M, Patrick M. Horan and Charles M....

Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination

Author: Beck, E.M, Patrick M. Horan and Charles M....
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan

Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination

Author: Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan
Publisher: The American Economic Association
Date:

We perform a field experiment to measure racial discrimination in the labor market. We respond with fictitious resumes to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago newspapers. To manipulate perception of race, each resume is randomly assigned either a very African American sounding name or a very White sounding name. The results show significant discrimination against African-American names: White names receive 50 percent more callbacks for interviews. We also find that race affects the benefits of a
better resume. For White names, a higher quality resume elicits 30 percent more callbacks whereas for African Americans, it elicits a far smaller increase. Applicants living in better neighborhoods receive more callbacks but, interestingly, this effect does not differ by race. The amount of discrimination is uniform across occupations and industries. Federal contractors and employers who list “Equal Opportunity Employer” in their ad discriminate as much as other employers. We find little evidence that our results
are driven by employers inferring something other than race, such as social class, from the names. These results suggest that racial discrimination is still a prominent feature of the labor market.

discrimination - CPI Affiliates

John J. Donohue III C. Wendell and Edith M. Carlsmith Professor of Law
Stanford University
Kazimierz Slomczynski's picture Kazimierz Slomczynski Professor of Sociology, Emeritus; Director of CONSIRT (Cross-National Studies: Interdisciplinary Research and Training Program
The Ohio State University
Kevin F. Hallock's picture Kevin F. Hallock Kenneth F. Kahn Dean, ILR School; Joseph R. Rich Professor of Economics and Human Resource Studies; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research
Cornell University
Kevin Lang's picture Kevin Lang Professor of Economics; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research
Boston University
Marianne LaFrance's picture Marianne LaFrance Professor of Psychology, Professor of Women's and Gender Studies
Yale University

Pages

Discrimination - Other Research

Title Author Media
Citizenship, Democracy, and the Civic Reintegration of Criminal Offenders Christopher Uggen, Jeff Manza, Melissa Thompson

Citizenship, Democracy, and the Civic Reintegration of Criminal Offenders

Author: Christopher Uggen, Jeff Manza, Melissa Thompson
Publisher:
Date:
Citizenship and Migration: Globalization and the Politics of Belonging Stephen Castles, Alastair Davidson

Citizenship and Migration: Globalization and the Politics of Belonging

Author: Stephen Castles, Alastair Davidson
Publisher: New York: Routledge
Date:
Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism Michael Burawoy

Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism

Author: Michael Burawoy
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
For Love or Money? Jennifer Van Hook, Susan K. Brown, Frank D. Bean

For Love or Money?

Author: Jennifer Van Hook, Susan K. Brown, Frank D. Bean
Publisher: Social Forces
Date:
Shadowed Lives: Undocumented Immigrants in American Society Ralph Chavez

Shadowed Lives: Undocumented Immigrants in American Society

Author: Ralph Chavez
Publisher: Harcourt Brace College Publishers
Date:

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