Discrimination and Poverty

  • Shelley Correll
  • Cecilia Ridgeway
  • David Pedulla

Leaders: Shelley Correll, David Pedulla, Cecilia Ridgeway 

The Poverty and Discrimination RG is charged with developing a regularized protocol for measuring the amount and extent of discrimination in labor and housing markets. It is increasingly clear that labor market discrimination, far from withering away, remains very prominent for many statuses and in many types of markets. However, because this research tradition is based on “one-off” audit studies and laboratory experiments, it is not possible to compare across studies and assess which types of discrimination are the most important or the most resistant to change. There is accordingly a need to build a standardized protocol for monitoring trends in discrimination across the various types of discrimination in play (e.g., poverty status, employment status, homelessness, economic background, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, incarceration status, citizenship, religion, disability). The twofold objective of this protocol is to make it possible to assess which types of discrimination are especially prominent and which types are growing weaker or stronger over time.

 

Discrimination - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Normative Discrimination and the Motherhood Penalty Shelley J. Correll , Stephen Benard

Normative Discrimination and the Motherhood Penalty

Author: Shelley J. Correll , Stephen Benard
Publisher: Sage Publications
Date: 10/2010

This research proposes and tests a new theoretical mechanism to account for a portion of the motherhood penalty in wages and related labor market outcomes. At least a portion of this penalty is attributable to discrimination based on the assumption that mothers are less competent and committed than other types of workers. But what happens when mothers definitively prove their competence and commitment? In this study, we examine whether mothers face discrimination in labor-market-type evaluations even when they provide indisputable evidence that they are competent and committed to paid work. We test the hypothesis that evaluators discriminate against highly successful mothers by viewing them as less warm, less likable, and more interpersonally hostile than otherwise similar workers who are not mothers. The results support this “normative discrimination” hypothesis for female but not male evaluators. The findings have important implications for understanding the nature and persistence of discrimination toward mothers.

 

Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium Massey Douglas S.

Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium

Author: Massey Douglas S.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date: 01/1999
Is Bigger Better? Explaining the Relationship between Organization Size and Job Rewards Arne L. Kalleberg and Mark E. Van Buren

Is Bigger Better? Explaining the Relationship between Organization Size and Job Rewards

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg and Mark E. Van Buren
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
The Structure of Opportunity: How Promotion Ladders vary within and Among Organizations Baron, James N., Allison Davis-Blake, and William...

The Structure of Opportunity: How Promotion Ladders vary within and Among Organizations

Author: Baron, James N., Allison Davis-Blake, and William...
Publisher: Administrative Science Quarterly
Date:
Policing the Ghetto Underclass: The Politics of Law and Law Enforcement William J. Chambliss

Policing the Ghetto Underclass: The Politics of Law and Law Enforcement

Author: William J. Chambliss
Publisher:
Date:

discrimination - CPI Affiliates

Richard Thompson Ford's picture Richard Thompson Ford George E. Osborne Professor of Law
Stanford University
Anne Morrison Piehl's picture Anne Morrison Piehl Professor of Economics; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economics Research; Research Fellow, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Sandra E. Black's picture Sandra E. Black Professor of Economics
The University of Texas at Austin
Benoit Monin's picture Benoit Monin The Bowen H. and Janice Arthur McCoy Professor of Ethics, Psychology, and Leadership; Professor of Organizational Behavior; Professor of Psychology
Stanford University
Steven N.  Durlauf's picture Steven N. Durlauf Steans Professor of Educational Policy
University of Chicago

Pages

Discrimination - Other Research

Title Author Media
Overwork and the Slow Convergence in the Gender Gap in Wages Youngjoo Cha, Kim A. Weeden

Overwork and the Slow Convergence in the Gender Gap in Wages

Author: Youngjoo Cha, Kim A. Weeden
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date: 04/2014

Despite rapid changes in women’s educational attainment and continuous labor force experience, convergence in the gender gap in wages slowed in the 1990s and stalled in the 2000s. Using CPS data from 1979 to 2009, we show that convergence in the gender gap in hourly pay over these three decades was attenuated by the increasing prevalence of “overwork” (defined as working 50 or more hours per week) and the rising hourly wage returns to overwork. Because a greater proportion of men engage in overwork, these changes raised men’s wages relative to women’s and exacerbated the gender wage gap by an estimated 10 percent of the total wage gap. This overwork effect was sufficiently large to offset the wage-equalizing effects of the narrowing gender gap in educational attainment and other forms of human capital. The overwork effect on trends in the gender gap in wages was most pronounced in professional and managerial occupations, where long work hours are especially common and the norm of overwork is deeply embedded in organizational practices and occupational cultures. These results illustrate how new ways of organizing work can perpetuate old forms of gender inequality.

From motherhood penalties to husband premia: The new challenge for gender equality and family policy, lessons from Norway Trond Petersen, Andrew M. Penner, Geir Høgsnes

From motherhood penalties to husband premia: The new challenge for gender equality and family policy, lessons from Norway

Author: Trond Petersen, Andrew M. Penner, Geir Høgsnes
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date: 03/2014

Given the key role that processes occurring in the family play in creating gender inequality, the family is a central focus of policies aimed at creating greater gender equality. We examine how family status affects the gender wage gap using longitudinal matched employer-employee data from Norway, 1979–96, a period with extensive expansion of family policies. The motherhood penalty dropped dramatically from 1979 to 1996. Among men the premia for marriage and fatherhood remained constant. In 1979, the gender wage gap was primarily due to the motherhood penalty, but by 1996 husband premia were more important than motherhood penalties.

Vulnerable Populations and Transformative Law Teaching Society of American Law Teachers, Golden Gate...

Vulnerable Populations and Transformative Law Teaching

Author: Society of American Law Teachers, Golden Gate...
Publisher: Carolina Academic Press
Date: 03/2011

The essays included in this volume began as presentations at the March 19–20, 2010 “Vulnerable Populations and Economic Realities” teaching conference organized and hosted by Golden Gate University School of Law and co-sponsored by the Society of American Law Teachers (SALT). That conference, generously funded by a grant from The Elfenworks Foundation, brought together law faculty, practitioners, and students to reexamine how issues of race, gender, sexual identity, nationality, disability, and generally—outsider status—are linked to poverty. Contributors have transformed their presentations into essays, offering a variety of roadmaps for incorporating these issues into the law school curriculum, both inside the classroom as well as in clinical and externship settings, study abroad, and social activism. These essays provide glimpses into “teaching moments,” both intentional and organic, to help trigger opportunities for students and faculty to question their own perceptions and experiences about who creates and interprets law, and who has access to power and the force of law. This book expands the parameters of law teaching so that this next generation of attorneys will be dedicated to their roles as public citizens, broadening the availability of justice. Contributors include: John Payton; Richard Delgado; Steven W. Bender; Sarah Valentine; Deborah Post and Deborah Zalesne; Gilbert Paul Carrasco; Michael L. Perlin and Deborah Dorfman; Robin R. Runge; Cynthia D. Bond; Florence Wagman Roisman; Doug Simpson; Anne Marie Harkins and Robin Clark; Douglas Colbert; Raquel Aldana and Leticia Saucedo, Marci Seville; Deirdre Bowen, Daniel Bonilla Maldonado, Kathleen Neal Cleaver, Colin Crawford, and James Forman, Jr.; Susan Rutberg; Mary B. Culbert and Sara Campos; MaryBeth Musumeci, Elizabeth Weeks Leonard, and Brutrinia D. Arellano; Libby Adler; and Paulette J. Williams. The editorial board includes Raquel Aldana, Steven Bender, Olympia Duhart, Michele Benedetto Neitz, Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Hari Osofsky, and Hazel Weiser.

Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States Gordon H. Hanson

Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States

Author: Gordon H. Hanson
Publisher:
Date: 04/2006
Housing Discrimination in Metropolitan America: Explaining Changes between 1989 and 2000 Stephen L. Ross and Margery Austin Turner

Housing Discrimination in Metropolitan America: Explaining Changes between 1989 and 2000

Author: Stephen L. Ross and Margery Austin Turner
Publisher:
Date: 05/2005

Discrimination - Multimedia

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