Social Mobility

  • Gary Solon
  • Raj Chetty
  • Florencia Torche

Leaders: Raj Chetty, Gary Solon, Florencia Torche

The purpose of the Social Mobility RG is to develop and exploit new administrative sources for measuring mobility and the effects of policy on mobility out of poverty. This research group is doing so by (a) providing comprehensive analyses of intergenerational mobility based on linked administrative data from U.S. tax returns, W-2s, and other sources, and (b) developing a new infrastructure for monitoring social mobility, dubbed the American Opportunity Study, that is based on linking census and other administrative data. Here’s a sampling of projects:

Small place estimates: The Equal Opportunity Project, led by Raj Chetty, uses tax return data to monitor opportunities for mobility out of poverty. In one of the new lines of analysis coming out of this project, the first round of results at the level of “commuting zones” are being redone at a more detailed level (e.g., census block level), thus allowing for even better inferences about the effects of place.

The American Opportunity Study: This research group is also collaborating with the Census Bureau to develop a new infrastructure for monitoring mobility that treats linked decennial census data as the spine on which other administrative data are hung.

Colleges and rising income inequality: Where do poor children go to attend college? The “Mobility Report Card” will convey the joint distribution of parent and student incomes for every Title IV institution in the United States.

The “absolute mobility” of the poor: What fraction of poor children grow up to earn more than their parents? Have rates of absolute upward mobility changed over time? This project develops a new method of estimating rates of absolute mobility for the 1940-1984 birth cohorts.

Intergenerational elasticities in the U.S.: There remains some debate about the size of intergenerational elasticities in the U.S. A rarely-used sample of 1987 tax data provides new evidence on U.S. elasticities.

Mobility - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Inequality, Growth, and Investment Robert Barro

Inequality, Growth, and Investment

Author: Robert Barro
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
Offering a Job: Meritocracy and Social Networks Petersen, Trond, Ishak Saporta, and Marc-David L...

Offering a Job: Meritocracy and Social Networks

Author: Petersen, Trond, Ishak Saporta, and Marc-David L...
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction Pierre Bourdieu

Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction

Author: Pierre Bourdieu
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date:

According to Bourdieu, cultural reproduction is the social process through which culture is reproduced across generations, especially through the socializing influence of major institutions. Bourdieu applied the concept in particular to the ways in which social institutions such as schools are used to pass along cultural ideas that underlie and support the privileged position of the dominant or upper class.

Cultural reproduction is part of a larger process of social reproduction through which entire societies and their cultural, structural, and ecological characteristics are reproduced through a process that invariably involves a certain amount of social change. From a Marxist perspective, social reproduction is primarily economic in scope. In a broader sense, however, social reproduction is much more than this, from the shape of religious institutions to language and varieties of music and other cultural products.

From Class to Culture Michael Hechter

From Class to Culture

Author: Michael Hechter
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers Jacobson, Louis S., Robert J. Lalonde and Daniel...

Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers

Author: Jacobson, Louis S., Robert J. Lalonde and Daniel...
Publisher: American Economic Review
Date:

mobility - CPI Affiliates

Hiroshi Ishida's picture Hiroshi Ishida Professor of Sociology, Institute of Social Sciences
University of Tokyo
Ineke Maas's picture Ineke Maas Associate Professor of Sociology; Professor and Chair, Department of Sociology, VU University Amsterdam
Utrecht University
Ira I. Katznelson's picture Ira I. Katznelson Ruggles Professor of Political Science and History
Columbia University
Jan O. Jonsson's picture Jan O. Jonsson Official Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford University
Oxford University

Pages

Mobility - Other Research

Title Author Media
Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach John DiNardo, Nicole M. Fortin and Thomas Lemieux

Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach

Author: John DiNardo, Nicole M. Fortin and Thomas Lemieux
Publisher: Econometrica
Date:
Rise of 401(k) plans, lifetime earnings, and wealth at retirement James Poterba, Joshua Rauh, Steven Venti, and...

Rise of 401(k) plans, lifetime earnings, and wealth at retirement

Author: James Poterba, Joshua Rauh, Steven Venti, and...
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
Opportunity and Change David L. Featherman and Robert M. Hauser

Opportunity and Change

Author: David L. Featherman and Robert M. Hauser
Publisher: Academic Press
Date:
Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There David Brooks

Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There

Author: David Brooks
Publisher: Simon & Schuster
Date:

It used to be pretty easy to distinguish between the bourgeois world of capitalism and the bohemian counterculture. The bourgeois worked for corporations, wore gray, and went to church. The bohemians were artists and intellectuals. Bohemians championed the values of the liberated 1960s; the bourgeois were the enterprising yuppies of the 1980s. But now the bohemian and the bourgeois are all mixed up, as David Brooks explains in this brilliant description of upscale culture in America. It is hard to tell an espresso-sipping professor from a cappuccino-gulping banker. Laugh and sob as you read about the information age economy's new dominant class. Marvel at their attitudes toward morality, sex, work, and lifestyle, and at how the members of this new elite have combined the values of the countercultural sixties with those of the achieving eighties. These are the people who set the tone for society today, for you. They are bourgeois bohemians: Bobos. Are you a Bobo? Do you believe that spending $15,000 on a media center is vulgar, but that spending $15,000 on a slate shower stall is a sign that you are at one with the Zenlike rhythms of nature? Does your newly renovated kitchen look like an aircraft hangar with plumbing? Did you select your new refrigerator on the grounds that mere freezing isn't cold enough? Would you spend a little more for socially conscious toothpaste -- the kind that doesn't actually kill germs, it just asks them to leave? Do you work for one of those hip, visionary software companies where everybody comes to work in hiking boots and glacier glasses, as if a 400-foot wall of ice were about to come sliding through the parking lot? Do you think your educational credentials are just as good as those of the shimmering couples on the New York Times weddings page? If you answered yes to any of those questions, you are probably a member of today's new upper class. Even if you didn't, you'd still better pay attention, because these Bobos define our age. Their hybrid culture is the atmosphere we breathe. Their status codes govern social life, and their moral codes govern ethics and influence our politics. Bobos in Paradise is a witty and serious look at the cultural consequences of the information age and a penetrating description of how we live now.

The Capitalist World-Economy Wallerstein, Immanuel

The Capitalist World-Economy

Author: Wallerstein, Immanuel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Date:

Mobility - Multimedia

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