Social Mobility

  • Gary Solon
  • Raj Chetty
  • Florencia Torche

Leaders: Raj Chetty, Gary Solon, Florencia Torche

The purpose of the Social Mobility RG is to develop and exploit new administrative sources for measuring mobility and the effects of policy on mobility out of poverty. This research group is doing so by (a) providing comprehensive analyses of intergenerational mobility based on linked administrative data from U.S. tax returns, W-2s, and other sources, and (b) developing a new infrastructure for monitoring social mobility, dubbed the American Opportunity Study, that is based on linking census and other administrative data. Here’s a sampling of projects:

Small place estimates: The Equal Opportunity Project, led by Raj Chetty, uses tax return data to monitor opportunities for mobility out of poverty. In one of the new lines of analysis coming out of this project, the first round of results at the level of “commuting zones” are being redone at a more detailed level (e.g., census block level), thus allowing for even better inferences about the effects of place.

The American Opportunity Study: This research group is also collaborating with the Census Bureau to develop a new infrastructure for monitoring mobility that treats linked decennial census data as the spine on which other administrative data are hung.

Colleges and rising income inequality: Where do poor children go to attend college? The “Mobility Report Card” will convey the joint distribution of parent and student incomes for every Title IV institution in the United States.

The “absolute mobility” of the poor: What fraction of poor children grow up to earn more than their parents? Have rates of absolute upward mobility changed over time? This project develops a new method of estimating rates of absolute mobility for the 1940-1984 birth cohorts.

Intergenerational elasticities in the U.S.: There remains some debate about the size of intergenerational elasticities in the U.S. A rarely-used sample of 1987 tax data provides new evidence on U.S. elasticities.

Mobility - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure Kelly Musick, Robert D. Mare

Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure

Author: Kelly Musick, Robert D. Mare
Publisher: Social Science Research
Date: 01/2004
Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey

Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests

Author: Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey
Publisher: Social Forces
Date: 12/2003
The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause

The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility

Author: Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause
Publisher: Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Date: 01/2003
Why Do Some Occupations Pay More Than Others? Kim A. Weeden

Why Do Some Occupations Pay More Than Others?

Author: Kim A. Weeden
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date: 07/2002
Cross-Country Differences in Intergenerational Earnings Mobility Gary Solon

Cross-Country Differences in Intergenerational Earnings Mobility

Author: Gary Solon
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date: 07/2002

mobility - CPI Affiliates

Mikk Titma's picture Mikk Titma Senior Research Scholar
Stanford University
Adrian E. Raftery's picture Adrian E. Raftery Professor of Statistics and Sociology
University of Washington
Moshe Semyonov's picture Moshe Semyonov Bernard and Audre Rapoport Chair Professor of the Sociology of Labor, Tel Aviv University; Professor of Sociology, University of Illinois at Chicago
University of Illinois at Chicago and Tel Aviv University
Anthony Heath's picture Anthony Heath Emeritus Professor of Sociology, Fellow of Nuffield College
University of Oxford
Nan Dirk De Graaf's picture Nan Dirk De Graaf Professor and Official Fellow, Department of Sociology, Nuffield College
University of Oxford

Pages

Mobility - Other Research

Title Author Media
Job Displacement and Social Participation over the Lifecourse: Findings for a Cohort of Joiners Jennie E. Brand and Sarah A. Burgard

Job Displacement and Social Participation over the Lifecourse: Findings for a Cohort of Joiners

Author: Jennie E. Brand and Sarah A. Burgard
Publisher: Social Forces
Date:
Developments in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being Daniel Kahneman and Alan Krueger

Developments in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being

Author: Daniel Kahneman and Alan Krueger
Publisher:
Date:
Inequality and Growth Benabou, Roland

Inequality and Growth

Author: Benabou, Roland
Publisher: NBER Macroeconomics Annual
Date:
The Social Stratification of Theatre, Dance, and Cinema Attendance Tak Wing Chan and John H. Goldthorpe

The Social Stratification of Theatre, Dance, and Cinema Attendance

Author: Tak Wing Chan and John H. Goldthorpe
Publisher: Routledge
Date:

In current sociological literature the relationship between social inequality and patterns of cultural taste and consumption is the subject of a large and complex debate. In this paper the primary aim is to examine, in the light of empirical results from a research project in which the authors are presently engaged, three main, and rival, positions that have been taken up in this debate, here labelled as the ‘homology', the ‘individualization' and the ‘omnivore–univore' arguments. Elsewhere, we have concentrated on musical consumption in England, and find evidence that is broadly supportive of the omnivore–univore argument. Here we ask whether such findings are confirmed in the case of theatre, dance and cinema attendance. A secondary aim of the paper is to bring to the attention of practitioners in the field of cultural policy and administration the need to address the issues that arise through the use of more powerful methods of data analysis than those often applied in the past. We explain how indicators of theatre, dance and cinema attendance derived from the Arts in England survey of 2001 can be subject to analysis so as to reveal two distinctive patterns of attendance and, in turn, two distinctive types of consumer—who can, it turns out, be regarded as omnivores and univores, even if with some qualification. The former have relatively high rates of attendance at all kinds of the events covered, including musicals and pantomimes as well as plays and ballet, while the latter tend to be cinema-goers only, that is, non-consumers of theatre and dance. A range of measures of social inequality are then introduced into the authors' analyses, including separate measures of social class and social status and also of educational level and income, and it is further shown that, again in conformity with the omnivore–univore argument, these two types of consumer are socially stratified. Omnivores are of generally higher social status than univores and also have usually higher levels of education and higher income than do univores (the latter finding marking the main difference with musical consumption, which was unaffected by income once other stratification variables were controlled). In sum, our results for theatre, dance and cinema attendance lend, overall, further support to the omnivore–univore argument as against its rivals, but also indicate that different aspects of social inequality impact on different forms of cultural consumption in varying degrees and probably through largely separate processes.

Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century Harry Braverman

Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century

Author: Harry Braverman
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
Date:

Mobility - Multimedia

Sorry, but no media items exist for this research group.