Social Mobility

  • Gary Solon
  • Raj Chetty
  • Florencia Torche

Leaders: Raj Chetty, Gary Solon, Florencia Torche

The purpose of the Social Mobility RG is to develop and exploit new administrative sources for measuring mobility and the effects of policy on mobility out of poverty. This research group is doing so by (a) providing comprehensive analyses of intergenerational mobility based on linked administrative data from U.S. tax returns, W-2s, and other sources, and (b) developing a new infrastructure for monitoring social mobility, dubbed the American Opportunity Study, that is based on linking census and other administrative data. Here’s a sampling of projects:

Small place estimates: The Equal Opportunity Project, led by Raj Chetty, uses tax return data to monitor opportunities for mobility out of poverty. In one of the new lines of analysis coming out of this project, the first round of results at the level of “commuting zones” are being redone at a more detailed level (e.g., census block level), thus allowing for even better inferences about the effects of place.

The American Opportunity Study: This research group is also collaborating with the Census Bureau to develop a new infrastructure for monitoring mobility that treats linked decennial census data as the spine on which other administrative data are hung.

Colleges and rising income inequality: Where do poor children go to attend college? The “Mobility Report Card” will convey the joint distribution of parent and student incomes for every Title IV institution in the United States.

The “absolute mobility” of the poor: What fraction of poor children grow up to earn more than their parents? Have rates of absolute upward mobility changed over time? This project develops a new method of estimating rates of absolute mobility for the 1940-1984 birth cohorts.

Intergenerational elasticities in the U.S.: There remains some debate about the size of intergenerational elasticities in the U.S. A rarely-used sample of 1987 tax data provides new evidence on U.S. elasticities.

Mobility - CPI Research

Title Author Media
The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes Mark S. Granovetter

The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes

Author: Mark S. Granovetter
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date: 01/2005
Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure Kelly Musick, Robert D. Mare

Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure

Author: Kelly Musick, Robert D. Mare
Publisher: Social Science Research
Date: 01/2004
Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey

Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests

Author: Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey
Publisher: Social Forces
Date: 12/2003
The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause

The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility

Author: Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause
Publisher: Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Date: 01/2003
Why Do Some Occupations Pay More Than Others? Kim A. Weeden

Why Do Some Occupations Pay More Than Others?

Author: Kim A. Weeden
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date: 07/2002

mobility - CPI Affiliates

Harry B. G. Ganzeboom's Image Harry B. G. Ganzeboom Professor of Sociology and Social Research Methodology
Free University Amsterdam
Carlos-Antonio-Costa Ribeiro's picture Carlos-Antonio-Costa Ribeiro Professor of Sociology; member of the Interdisciplinary Nucleus of Inequality Studies
Intituto Universitario de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro
Yossi Shavit's picture Yossi Shavit Weinberg Professor of Sociology
Tel Aviv University
Dennis Hogan's picture Dennis Hogan Robert E. Turner Distinguished Professor of Population Studies and Sociology, Emeritus
Brown University
Donald J. Treiman's picture Donald J. Treiman Distinguished Professor of Sociology Emeritus; Research Professor, UCLA Faculty Associate, California Center for Population Research
University of California , Los Angeles

Pages

Mobility - Other Research

Title Author Media
Welfare Regimes, Family-Supportive Policies, and Women’s Employment along the Life-Course Stier, Haya Stier, Noah Lewin-Epstein and Michael...

Welfare Regimes, Family-Supportive Policies, and Women’s Employment along the Life-Course

Author: Stier, Haya Stier, Noah Lewin-Epstein and Michael...
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces Francine Blau and Lawrence Kahn

International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces

Author: Francine Blau and Lawrence Kahn
Publisher: Journal of Political Economy
Date:
Gendering the Job: Networks and Recruitment at a Call Center Roberto M. Fernandez and Lourdes M. Sosa.

Gendering the Job: Networks and Recruitment at a Call Center

Author: Roberto M. Fernandez and Lourdes M. Sosa.
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
The American Occupational Structure Peter M. Blau and Otis Dudley Duncan, with the...

The American Occupational Structure

Author: Peter M. Blau and Otis Dudley Duncan, with the...
Publisher: Free Press
Date:

The objective of this book is to present a systematic analysis of the American occupational structure, and, thus, of the major foundation of the stratification system in this society. Processes of social mobility from one generation to the next and from career beginnings to occupational destinations are considered to reflect the dynamics of the occupational structure. By analyzing the patterns of these occupational movements, the conditions that affect them, and some of their consequences, one attempts to explain part of the dynamics of the stratification system in the United States. The inquiry is based on a considerable amount of empirical data collected from a representative sample of over 20,000 American men between the ages of 20 and 64. The survey of "Occupational Changes in a Generation" was carried out as an adjunct to the monthly "Current Population Survey" of the Bureau of the Census. The analysis of the data collected in the survey constitutes the bulk of the material reported in the present book, although occasionally other sources are drawn on as well. As the comparative data from a variety of societies needed for refining the theory of stratification are not available in this study, it has been supplemented with data from mobility surveys of other countries.

The Great U-Turn: Corporate Restructuring and the Polarizing of America Bennett Harrison and Barry Bluestone

The Great U-Turn: Corporate Restructuring and the Polarizing of America

Author: Bennett Harrison and Barry Bluestone
Publisher: Basic Books, Inc.
Date:

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