Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Poverty, Parenting and Children’s Mental Health McLeod, Jane .D. and Michael .J. Shanahan

Poverty, Parenting and Children’s Mental Health

Author: McLeod, Jane .D. and Michael .J. Shanahan
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Policy Watch: U.S. Disability Policy in a Changing Environment Richard V. Burkhauser and Mary C. Daly

Policy Watch: U.S. Disability Policy in a Changing Environment

Author: Richard V. Burkhauser and Mary C. Daly
Publisher:
Date:
Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Socioeconomic Status, Poor Health in Childhood, and Human Capital Development Janet Currie

Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Socioeconomic Status, Poor Health in Childhood, and Human Capital Development

Author: Janet Currie
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity Michael Marmot

The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity

Author: Michael Marmot
Publisher: Times Books
Date:
The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra

The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums

Author: Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Markus Gangl's picture Markus Gangl Professor of Sociology
Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main
Marta Tienda's picture Marta Tienda Professor, Maurice P. During '22 Professor in Demographic Studies; Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs; Director, Program in Latino Studies
Princeton University
Patrick Heuveline's picture Patrick Heuveline Professor, Sociology
University of California, Los Angeles
Peter J. Hammond's picture Peter J. Hammond Professor of Economics, University of Warwick; Professor of Economics, Emeritus, Stanford University
University of Warwick
Phillip Levine's picture Phillip Levine William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Economics; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research; Research Affiliate, National Poverty Center
Wellesley College

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Falling from Grace Katherine S. Newman

Falling from Grace

Author: Katherine S. Newman
Publisher: University of California Press
Date:
Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...

Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
The Time Divide: Work, Family, and Gender Inequality Jerry A. Jacobs and Kathleen Gerson

The Time Divide: Work, Family, and Gender Inequality

Author: Jerry A. Jacobs and Kathleen Gerson
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Date:
Nickel-and-Dimed: On (not) Getting by in America Barbara Ehrenreich

Nickel-and-Dimed: On (not) Getting by in America

Author: Barbara Ehrenreich
Publisher: Macmillan
Date:
Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs Paul Willis

Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs

Author: Paul Willis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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