Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Economic Analysis of Transfer Programs targeted on People with Disabilities Bound, John and Richard V. Burkhauser

Economic Analysis of Transfer Programs targeted on People with Disabilities

Author: Bound, John and Richard V. Burkhauser
Publisher: Amsterdam: Elsevier
Date:
Air Pollution, Health, and Socio-Economic Status: The Effect of Outdoor Air Quality on Childhood Asthma Neidell, Matthew

Air Pollution, Health, and Socio-Economic Status: The Effect of Outdoor Air Quality on Childhood Asthma

Author: Neidell, Matthew
Publisher: Journal of Health Economics
Date:
Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient Anne Case, Darren Lubotsky and Christina Paxson

Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient

Author: Anne Case, Darren Lubotsky and Christina Paxson
Publisher: American Economic Review
Date:
The Rise in Disability and the Decline in Unemployment Autor, David and Mark Duggun

The Rise in Disability and the Decline in Unemployment

Author: Autor, David and Mark Duggun
Publisher: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Date:
Pharmaceuticals and the Developing World Michael Kremer

Pharmaceuticals and the Developing World

Author: Michael Kremer
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Scott Allard Daniel J. Evans Endowed Professor of Social Policy
University of Washington
Chris Wimer Co-Director, Center on Poverty and Social Policy
Columbia University
Michael S. Wald's picture Michael S. Wald Jackson Eli Reynolds Professor of Law, Emeritus, Professor (by courtesy) of Education
Stanford University
Michele Landis Dauber's picture Michele Landis Dauber Frederick I. Richman Professor of Law; Professor of Sociology (by courtesy)
Stanford University
Thomas E. MaCurdy's picture Thomas E. MaCurdy Professor of Economics; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Stanford University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Careers, Labor Market Structure, and Socioeconomic Achievement Spilerman, Seymour.

Careers, Labor Market Structure, and Socioeconomic Achievement

Author: Spilerman, Seymour.
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
Between Class and Market Bruce Western

Between Class and Market

Author: Bruce Western
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Employment Relationships in the New Economy David Neumark and Debbie Reed

Employment Relationships in the New Economy

Author: David Neumark and Debbie Reed
Publisher: Labour Economics
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore

Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis

Author: Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore
Publisher: M E Sharpe, Inc
Date:
The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel

The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity

Author: Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel
Publisher: Basic Books, Inc.
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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