Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions

Author: David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard
Publisher: Review of Economic and Statistics
Date:
Health, Income, and Inequality John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe

Health, Income, and Inequality

Author: John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation Publications
Date:
Social Class Psychological Distress Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary

Social Class Psychological Distress

Author: Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Racial Profiling In Medical Research Robert S. Schwartz

Racial Profiling In Medical Research

Author: Robert S. Schwartz
Publisher:
Date:
Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm

Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth

Author: Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Jeffrey R. Kling's picture Jeffrey R. Kling Associate Director for Economic Analysis, Congressional Budget Office; Senior Research Fellow, National Bureau of Economic Research
Congressional Budget Office
Julie-Berry Cullen Professor of Economics, Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research
University of California, San Diego
Kathleen Gerson's picture Kathleen Gerson Professor of Sociology
New York University
Kazuo Yamaguchi's picture Kazuo Yamaguchi Ralph Lewis Professor of Sociology; Affiliated Faculty, The Center for East Asian Studies
University of Chicago
Magnus Nermo's picture Magnus Nermo Professor of Sociology; Head of the Sociology Department; Associate Researcher at the Swedish Institute for Social Research
Stockholm University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Author:
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
Governmental Constraints and Labor Market Mobility Abbott, A. and D.R. Smith

Governmental Constraints and Labor Market Mobility

Author: Abbott, A. and D.R. Smith
Publisher:
Date:
A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market Edna Bonacich

A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market

Author: Edna Bonacich
Publisher:
Date:

An important source of antagonism between ethnic groups is hypothesized to be a split labor market, i.e. one in which there is a large differential in price of labor for the same occupation. The price of labor is not a response to race or ethnicity of those entering the labor market. A price differential results from differences in resources and motives which are often correlates of ethnicity. A split labor market produces a three-way conflict between business and the two labor groups, with business seeking to displace higher paid by cheaper labor. Ethnic antagonism can take two forms: exclusion movements and "caste" systems. Both are seen as victories for higher paid labor since they prevent undercutting.

Changes in Labor Force Participation in the United States Juhn Chinhui and Simon Potter

Changes in Labor Force Participation in the United States

Author: Juhn Chinhui and Simon Potter
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date:
Securing Prosperity Paul Osterman

Securing Prosperity

Author: Paul Osterman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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