Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Mapping Human History Mary-Claire King and Arno G. Motulsky

Mapping Human History

Author: Mary-Claire King and Arno G. Motulsky
Publisher:
Date:
Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions

Author: David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard
Publisher: Review of Economic and Statistics
Date:
Social Class Psychological Distress Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary

Social Class Psychological Distress

Author: Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Health, Income, and Inequality John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe

Health, Income, and Inequality

Author: John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation Publications
Date:
Racial Profiling In Medical Research Robert S. Schwartz

Racial Profiling In Medical Research

Author: Robert S. Schwartz
Publisher:
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Michele Landis Dauber's picture Michele Landis Dauber Frederick I. Richman Professor of Law; Professor of Sociology (by courtesy)
Stanford University
Thomas E. MaCurdy's picture Thomas E. MaCurdy Professor of Economics; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Stanford University
Cybelle Fox's picture Cybelle Fox Professor of Sociology
University of California, Berkeley
Edward B. Montgomery's picture Edward B. Montgomery Dean of the McCourt School of Public Policy; Research Associate, National Bureau for Economic Research; Fellow, National Academy of Public Administration
Georgetown University
Emily Hannum's picture Emily Hannum Professor of Sociology and Education; Associate Director, Population Studies Center
Univerisity of Pennsylvania

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
What Do Unions Do Freeman, Richard B. and James L. Medoff

What Do Unions Do

Author: Freeman, Richard B. and James L. Medoff
Publisher: Basic Books
Date:
The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications Michael J. Piore

The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications

Author: Michael J. Piore
Publisher: Winthrop Publishers
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux

Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends

Author: Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux
Publisher: Social Science Research
Date:
Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism Michael Burawoy

Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism

Author: Michael Burawoy
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
The Deindustrialization of America Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison

The Deindustrialization of America

Author: Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison
Publisher: New York: Basic Books.
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

Sorry, but no media items exist for this research group.