Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Socioeconomic Status and Health Adler, Nancy E., Thomas Boyce, Margaret A....

Socioeconomic Status and Health

Author: Adler, Nancy E., Thomas Boyce, Margaret A....
Publisher: American Psychologist
Date:
Genetic Structure of Human Populations Noah A. Rosenberg et al.

Genetic Structure of Human Populations

Author: Noah A. Rosenberg et al.
Publisher:
Date:
Risky Families: Family Social Environments and the Mental and Physical Health of Offspring Rena L. Repetti, Shelley E. Taylor, and Teresa E...

Risky Families: Family Social Environments and the Mental and Physical Health of Offspring

Author: Rena L. Repetti, Shelley E. Taylor, and Teresa E...
Publisher: Psychological Bulletin
Date:
Health, Health Insurance, and the Labor Market Currie, Janet and Bridget Madrian

Health, Health Insurance, and the Labor Market

Author: Currie, Janet and Bridget Madrian
Publisher: Handbook of Labor Economics Volume 3
Date:
Mapping Human History Mary-Claire King and Arno G. Motulsky

Mapping Human History

Author: Mary-Claire King and Arno G. Motulsky
Publisher:
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Emily Hannum's picture Emily Hannum Professor of Sociology and Education; Associate Director, Population Studies Center
Univerisity of Pennsylvania
Isabela Mares's picture Isabela Mares Professor of Political Science; Victoria Schuck Faculty Scholar
Columbia University
Jan O. Jonsson's picture Jan O. Jonsson Official Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford University
Oxford University
Janet Currie Henry Putnam Professor of Economics and Public Affairs; Chair, Department of Economics; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research; Director, Center for Health and Well Being
Princeton University
Jeffrey Grogger Irving Harris Professor in Urban Policy
The University of Chicago

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Between Class and Market Bruce Western

Between Class and Market

Author: Bruce Western
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Employment Relationships in the New Economy David Neumark and Debbie Reed

Employment Relationships in the New Economy

Author: David Neumark and Debbie Reed
Publisher: Labour Economics
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore

Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis

Author: Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore
Publisher: M E Sharpe, Inc
Date:
The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel

The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity

Author: Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel
Publisher: Basic Books, Inc.
Date:
Unemployment in the OECD since the 1960s. What Do We Know? Stephen Nickell, Luca Nunziata and Wolfgang Ochel

Unemployment in the OECD since the 1960s. What Do We Know?

Author: Stephen Nickell, Luca Nunziata and Wolfgang Ochel
Publisher: The Economic Journal
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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