Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Job Displacement, Disability, and Divorce Charles, Kerwin Kofi and Stephens, Melvin Jr.

Job Displacement, Disability, and Divorce

Author: Charles, Kerwin Kofi and Stephens, Melvin Jr.
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health) Alan H. Goodman

Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health)

Author: Alan H. Goodman
Publisher:
Date:
Space Meets Time: Integrating Temporal and Contextual Influences on Mental Health in Early Adulthood Wheaton, Blair, and Philippa Clarke

Space Meets Time: Integrating Temporal and Contextual Influences on Mental Health in Early Adulthood

Author: Wheaton, Blair, and Philippa Clarke
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children? Janet Currie and Mark Stabile

Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children?

Author: Janet Currie and Mark Stabile
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...

Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families

Author: Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...
Publisher: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Magnus Nermo's picture Magnus Nermo Professor of Sociology; Head of the Sociology Department; Associate Researcher at the Swedish Institute for Social Research
Stockholm University
Margarita Estevez-Abe's picture Margarita Estevez-Abe Associate Professor of Political Science, Maxwell School
Syracuse University
Markus Gangl's picture Markus Gangl Professor of Sociology
Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main
Marta Tienda's picture Marta Tienda Professor, Maurice P. During '22 Professor in Demographic Studies; Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs; Director, Program in Latino Studies
Princeton University
Patrick Heuveline's picture Patrick Heuveline Professor, Sociology
University of California, Los Angeles

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
The Deindustrialization of America Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison

The Deindustrialization of America

Author: Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison
Publisher: New York: Basic Books.
Date:
An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to Jobs Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg

An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to Jobs

Author: Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Academic Press
Date:
Outsourcing at Will: The Contribution of Unjust Dismissal Doctrine to the Growth of Employment Outsourcing David H. Autor

Outsourcing at Will: The Contribution of Unjust Dismissal Doctrine to the Growth of Employment Outsourcing

Author: David H. Autor
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century Harry Braverman

Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century

Author: Harry Braverman
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
Date:
Economic Segmentation, Worker Power, and Income Inequality Kalleberg, Arne. L., Michael Wallace and Robert P...

Economic Segmentation, Worker Power, and Income Inequality

Author: Kalleberg, Arne. L., Michael Wallace and Robert P...
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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