Education

  • Sean Reardon

Leader: Sean Reardon

The purpose of the Education RG is to examine trends in the extent to which educational access and achievement are related to poverty and family background. The scholars working within this RG are examining state-level differences in the effects of social origins, uncovering the causes of the recent rise in the socioeconomic achievement gap, uncovering the causes of the yet more recent turnaround in this rise (among kindergarten children), and examining the ways in which high-achieving children from poor backgrounds can be induced to go to college. The following is a sampling of relevant CPI projects.

Reducing the race gap in test scores: How can the black-white gap in achievement test scores be eliminated? The new Stanford Education Data Archive (SEDA) will provide the most systematic evidence to date on the capacity of school-district policies to reduce the gap.

Colleges and rising income inequality: Are colleges delivering upward mobility for those raised in poverty? The new “Mobility Report Card” will provide unusually detailed data on this fundamental question.

Poverty and schooling on reservations: The noted ethnographer Martin Sánchez-Jankowski is examining how education on reservations can be reformed to reduce dropout, poverty, and suicide. 

Education - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States Solon, Gary

Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States

Author: Solon, Gary
Publisher: American Economic Review
Date: 06/1992
IQ, Academic Performance, Environment, and Earnings Zax, Jeffrey S. and Daniel I. Rees

IQ, Academic Performance, Environment, and Earnings

Author: Zax, Jeffrey S. and Daniel I. Rees
Publisher: Review of Economics and Statistics
Date:
Is Biology Destiny? Birth Weight and Life Chances Dalton Conley and Neil G. Bennettt

Is Biology Destiny? Birth Weight and Life Chances

Author: Dalton Conley and Neil G. Bennettt
Publisher:
Date:
The Race between Education and Technology Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz

The Race between Education and Technology

Author: Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Date:
The Stratification of High School Learning Opportunities Gamoran, Adam

The Stratification of High School Learning Opportunities

Author: Gamoran, Adam
Publisher: Sociology of Education
Date:

education - CPI Affiliates

Yossi Shavit's picture Yossi Shavit Weinberg Professor of Sociology
Tel Aviv University
Richard J. Murnane's picture Richard J. Murnane Juliana W. and William Foss Thompson Professor of Education and Society; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research
Harvard University
Jennifer Hochschild's picture Jennifer Hochschild Henry LaBarre Jayne Professor of Government, Professor of African and African-American Studies
Harvard University - Kennedy School of Government
Francis A. Pearman Assistant Professor of Education
Stanford University
Robert Crosnoe's picture Robert Crosnoe Professor and Chair of Sociology
The University of Texas at Austin

Pages

Education - Other Research

Title Author Media
The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies Anthony Giddens

The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies

Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: Hutchinson & Co.
Date:
The System of Professions Andrew Abbott

The System of Professions

Author: Andrew Abbott
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Date:
The Social Stratification of Theatre, Dance, and Cinema Attendance Tak Wing Chan and John H. Goldthorpe

The Social Stratification of Theatre, Dance, and Cinema Attendance

Author: Tak Wing Chan and John H. Goldthorpe
Publisher: Routledge
Date:

In current sociological literature the relationship between social inequality and patterns of cultural taste and consumption is the subject of a large and complex debate. In this paper the primary aim is to examine, in the light of empirical results from a research project in which the authors are presently engaged, three main, and rival, positions that have been taken up in this debate, here labelled as the ‘homology', the ‘individualization' and the ‘omnivore–univore' arguments. Elsewhere, we have concentrated on musical consumption in England, and find evidence that is broadly supportive of the omnivore–univore argument. Here we ask whether such findings are confirmed in the case of theatre, dance and cinema attendance. A secondary aim of the paper is to bring to the attention of practitioners in the field of cultural policy and administration the need to address the issues that arise through the use of more powerful methods of data analysis than those often applied in the past. We explain how indicators of theatre, dance and cinema attendance derived from the Arts in England survey of 2001 can be subject to analysis so as to reveal two distinctive patterns of attendance and, in turn, two distinctive types of consumer—who can, it turns out, be regarded as omnivores and univores, even if with some qualification. The former have relatively high rates of attendance at all kinds of the events covered, including musicals and pantomimes as well as plays and ballet, while the latter tend to be cinema-goers only, that is, non-consumers of theatre and dance. A range of measures of social inequality are then introduced into the authors' analyses, including separate measures of social class and social status and also of educational level and income, and it is further shown that, again in conformity with the omnivore–univore argument, these two types of consumer are socially stratified. Omnivores are of generally higher social status than univores and also have usually higher levels of education and higher income than do univores (the latter finding marking the main difference with musical consumption, which was unaffected by income once other stratification variables were controlled). In sum, our results for theatre, dance and cinema attendance lend, overall, further support to the omnivore–univore argument as against its rivals, but also indicate that different aspects of social inequality impact on different forms of cultural consumption in varying degrees and probably through largely separate processes.

Money, Morals, and Manners: The Culture of the French and the American Upper-Middle Class Michele Lamont

Money, Morals, and Manners: The Culture of the French and the American Upper-Middle Class

Author: Michele Lamont
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Date:
The Division of Labor in Society Emile Durkheim

The Division of Labor in Society

Author: Emile Durkheim
Publisher: The Free Press
Date:

Education - Multimedia

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