State of the Union 2019: Occupational Segregation

  • The gender segregation of occupations is less pronounced among millennials than among any other generation in recent U.S. history. 
  • By contrast, millennials are experiencing just as much racial and ethnic occupational segregation as prior generations, even though millennials are less tolerant of overt expressions of racism. 
  • Both types of occupational segregation—gender and racial-ethnic—are very consequential for wages. Among millennials, occupational segregation accounts for 28 percent of the gender wage gap and 39 to 49 percent of racial wage gaps.

Reference Information


Kim A. Weeden
Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality
Publication Date: 
June 2019