Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration

  • C. Matthew Snipp
  • Tomas Jimenez
  • Linda Burton
  • Hazel Markus
  • Douglas Massey

Leaders: Linda Burton, Tomás Jiménez, Hazel Markus, Douglas Massey, C. Matthew Snipp

The CPI has an extensive research program on race, ethnicity, immigration, and poverty. The National Poverty Study, for example, is designed to rigorously compare differences across rural black, deindustrialized, reservation, and other “racialized” poverty forms. The CPI also runs a comprehensive program on Hispanic poverty that explores such topics as the “chilling effect” of anti-immigrant laws on program use, the reasons why, contrary to much speculation, the Hispanic poverty rate has not taken off, and the causes of the so-called Hispanic Health Paradox (see, for example, our Pathways Magazine special report on poverty, inequality, and mobility among Hispanics). And one of the CPI’s most distinguished affiliates, Jennifer Eberhardt (who is on the CPI directorate), is carrying out a groundbreaking big-data analysis of policing and race. We list below a sampling of other CPI projects on race, ethnicity, immigration, and poverty.

Poverty among refugees: The U.S. refugee population faces very high rates of poverty, yet we know very little about the effects of different resettlement programs and approaches. There are efforts afoot to exploit available administrative data and begin to find out what works and what doesn’t.

Arrests, race, and poverty: Why are some arrests resolved informally while others are converted into a criminal record that then has a life-long scarring effect? The process of converting an arrest into a criminal booking may play an important role in generating downstream racial disparities.

Reducing the race gap in test scores: The new Stanford Education Data Archive (SEDA) is a rich resource that is providing the most systematic evidence to date on the capacity of school-district policies to reduce the racial gap in test scores.

Poverty and schooling on reservations: Why are test scores and educational outcomes on Native reservations so low (relative to the national average)? In a new project by the noted ethnographer Martin Sánchez-Jankowski, we’ll be learning more about how traditional and formal education are viewed and the ways in which they might be better integrated. 

Race And Ethnicity - CPI Research

Title Author Media
When Ways of Life Collide: Multiculturalism and Its Discontents in the Netherlands Paul M. Sniderman, Louk Hagendoorn

When Ways of Life Collide: Multiculturalism and Its Discontents in the Netherlands

Author: Paul M. Sniderman, Louk Hagendoorn
Publisher:
Date: 01/2010

In 2004, Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh was brutally murdered on a busy Amsterdam street. His killer was Mohammed Bouyeri, a twenty-six-year-old Dutch Moroccan offended by van Gogh's controversial film about Muslim suppression of women. The Dutch government had funded separate schools, housing projects, broadcast media, and community organizations for Muslim immigrants, all under the umbrella of multiculturalism. But the reality of terrorism and radicalization of Muslim immigrants has shattered that dream.

In this arresting book, Paul Sniderman and Louk Hagendoorn demonstrate that there are deep conflicts of values in the Netherlands. In the eyes of the Dutch, for example, Muslims oppress women, treating them as inferior to men. In the eyes of Muslim immigrants, Western Europeans deny women the respect they deserve. Western Europe has become a cultural conflict zone. Two ways of life are colliding.

Sniderman and Hagendoorn show how identity politics contributed to this crisis. The very policies meant to persuade majority and minority that they are part of the same society strengthened their view that they belong to different societies. At the deepest level, the authors' findings suggest, the issue that government and citizens need to be concerned about is not a conflict of values but a clash of fundamental loyalties.

 

Replenished Ethnicity: Mexican Americans, Immigration, and Identity Tomás Jiménez

Replenished Ethnicity: Mexican Americans, Immigration, and Identity

Author: Tomás Jiménez
Publisher:
Date: 11/2009

Unlike the wave of immigration that came through Ellis Island and then subsided, immigration to the United States from Mexico has been virtually uninterrupted for one hundred years. In this vividly detailed book, Tomás R. Jiménez takes us into the lives of later-generation descendents of Mexican immigrants, asking for the first time how this constant influx of immigrants from their ethnic homeland has shaped their assimilation. His nuanced investigation of this complex and little-studied phenomenon finds that continuous immigration has resulted in a vibrant ethnicity that later-generation Mexican Americans describe as both costly and beneficial. Replenished Ethnicity sheds new light on America's largest ethnic group, making it must reading for anyone interested in how immigration is changing the United States.

Why Do White Americans Oppose Race-Targeted Policies? Clarifying the Impact of Symbolic Racism Joshua L. Rabinowitz, David O. Sears, Jim Sidanius, Jon A. Krosnick

Why Do White Americans Oppose Race-Targeted Policies? Clarifying the Impact of Symbolic Racism

Author: Joshua L. Rabinowitz, David O. Sears, Jim Sidanius, Jon A. Krosnick
Publisher: Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Date: 01/2009

Measures of symbolic racism (SR) have often been used to tap racial prejudice toward Blacks. However, given the wording of questions used for this purpose, some of the apparent effects on attitudes toward policies to help Blacks may instead be due to political conservatism, attitudes toward government, and/or attitudes toward redistributive government policies in general. Using data from national probability sample surveys and an experiment, we explored whether SR has effects even when controlling for these potential confounds and whether its effects are specific to policies involving Blacks. Holding constant conservatism and attitudes toward limited government, SR predicted Whites’ opposition to policies designed to help Blacks and more weakly predicted attitudes toward social programs whose beneficiaries were racially ambiguous. An experimental manipulation of policy beneficiaries revealed that SR predicted policy attitudes when Blacks were the beneficiary but not when women were. These findings are consistent with the claim that SR’s association with racial policy preferences is not due to these confounds.

 

Racial, Educational and Religious Endogamy in the United States: A Comparative Historical Perspective Michael J. Rosenfeld

Racial, Educational and Religious Endogamy in the United States: A Comparative Historical Perspective

Author: Michael J. Rosenfeld
Publisher: Social Forces
Date: 09/2008
Social Boundaries and Marital Assimilation: Interpreting Trends in Racial and Ethnic Intermarriage Zhenchao Qian, Daniel T. Lichter

Social Boundaries and Marital Assimilation: Interpreting Trends in Racial and Ethnic Intermarriage

Author: Zhenchao Qian, Daniel T. Lichter
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date: 02/2007

Race And Ethnicity - Other Research

Title Author Media
The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State John C. Torpey

The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State

Author: John C. Torpey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press.
Date:
Citizenship and Social Class T. H. Marshall and Tom Bottomore

Citizenship and Social Class

Author: T. H. Marshall and Tom Bottomore
Publisher: Pluto Press
Date:
Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City Elijah Anderson

Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City

Author: Elijah Anderson
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Company
Date:
Immigrant America: A Portrait Alejandro Portes and Ruben G. Rumbaut

Immigrant America: A Portrait

Author: Alejandro Portes and Ruben G. Rumbaut
Publisher: University of California Press
Date:
Circular, Invisible, and Ambiguous Migrants Frank D. Bean, Rodolfo Corona, Rodolfo Tuiran,...

Circular, Invisible, and Ambiguous Migrants

Author: Frank D. Bean, Rodolfo Corona, Rodolfo Tuiran,...
Publisher:
Date:

Race And Ethnicity - Multimedia

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