Discrimination and Poverty

  • Shelley Correll
  • Cecilia Ridgeway
  • David Pedulla

Leaders: Shelley Correll, David Pedulla, Cecilia Ridgeway 

The Poverty and Discrimination RG is charged with developing a regularized protocol for measuring the amount and extent of discrimination in labor and housing markets. It is increasingly clear that labor market discrimination, far from withering away, remains very prominent for many statuses and in many types of markets. However, because this research tradition is based on “one-off” audit studies and laboratory experiments, it is not possible to compare across studies and assess which types of discrimination are the most important or the most resistant to change. There is accordingly a need to build a standardized protocol for monitoring trends in discrimination across the various types of discrimination in play (e.g., poverty status, employment status, homelessness, economic background, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, incarceration status, citizenship, religion, disability). The twofold objective of this protocol is to make it possible to assess which types of discrimination are especially prominent and which types are growing weaker or stronger over time.

 

Discrimination - CPI Research

Title Author Media
The Theory of Discrimination Arrow, Kenneth

The Theory of Discrimination

Author: Arrow, Kenneth
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Discrimination: Conscious or Nonconscious? Trond Petersen

Discrimination: Conscious or Nonconscious?

Author: Trond Petersen
Publisher:
Date:
Career Jobs are Dead Peter Cappelli

Career Jobs are Dead

Author: Peter Cappelli
Publisher: California Management Review
Date:
Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination Beck, E.M, Patrick M. Horan and Charles M....

Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination

Author: Beck, E.M, Patrick M. Horan and Charles M....
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan

Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination

Author: Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan
Publisher: The American Economic Association
Date:

We perform a field experiment to measure racial discrimination in the labor market. We respond with fictitious resumes to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago newspapers. To manipulate perception of race, each resume is randomly assigned either a very African American sounding name or a very White sounding name. The results show significant discrimination against African-American names: White names receive 50 percent more callbacks for interviews. We also find that race affects the benefits of a
better resume. For White names, a higher quality resume elicits 30 percent more callbacks whereas for African Americans, it elicits a far smaller increase. Applicants living in better neighborhoods receive more callbacks but, interestingly, this effect does not differ by race. The amount of discrimination is uniform across occupations and industries. Federal contractors and employers who list “Equal Opportunity Employer” in their ad discriminate as much as other employers. We find little evidence that our results
are driven by employers inferring something other than race, such as social class, from the names. These results suggest that racial discrimination is still a prominent feature of the labor market.

discrimination - CPI Affiliates

Amitabh Chandra's picture Amitabh Chandra Malcolm Wiener Professor of Social Policy, Director of Health Policy Research
Harvard University
Sandra E. Black's picture Sandra E. Black Professor of Economics
The University of Texas at Austin
Anne Morrison Piehl's picture Anne Morrison Piehl Professor of Economics; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economics Research; Research Fellow, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Steven N.  Durlauf's picture Steven N. Durlauf Steans Professor of Educational Policy
University of Chicago
Benoit Monin's picture Benoit Monin The Bowen H. and Janice Arthur McCoy Professor of Ethics, Psychology, and Leadership; Professor of Organizational Behavior; Professor of Psychology
Stanford University

Pages

Discrimination - Other Research

Title Author Media
The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World Castles Stephen and Mark J. Miller

The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World

Author: Castles Stephen and Mark J. Miller
Publisher: Guilford Press
Date:
Poverty and Discrimination Lester C. Thurow

Poverty and Discrimination

Author: Lester C. Thurow
Publisher: The Brookings Institution
Date:
The Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S Jeffrey S. Passel

The Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S

Author: Jeffrey S. Passel
Publisher: Pew Hispanic Center Report
Date:
Becoming a Citizen: Incorporating Immigrants and Refugees in the United States and Canada Bloemraad, Irene

Becoming a Citizen: Incorporating Immigrants and Refugees in the United States and Canada

Author: Bloemraad, Irene
Publisher: University of California Press
Date:
Citizenship and Social Class T. H. Marshall and Tom Bottomore

Citizenship and Social Class

Author: T. H. Marshall and Tom Bottomore
Publisher: Pluto Press
Date:

Discrimination - Multimedia

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