Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Socioeconomic Status, Poor Health in Childhood, and Human Capital Development Janet Currie

Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Socioeconomic Status, Poor Health in Childhood, and Human Capital Development

Author: Janet Currie
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra

The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums

Author: Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity Michael Marmot

The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity

Author: Michael Marmot
Publisher: Times Books
Date:
Disaggregating Employment Protection: The Case of Disability Discrimination Christine Jolls and Prescott, J.J.

Disaggregating Employment Protection: The Case of Disability Discrimination

Author: Christine Jolls and Prescott, J.J.
Publisher:
Date:
Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population Douglas Almond

Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population

Author: Douglas Almond
Publisher: Journal of Political Economy
Date:

Safety Net - CPI Affiliates

Thomas E. MaCurdy Professor of Economics; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution Stanford University
Torben Iversen Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy Harvard University
Victor Fuchs Henry J. Kaiser, Jr. Professor of Economics and of Health Research and Policy (Emeritus) Stanford University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Hard Choices: How Women Decide about Work, Career, and Motherhood Kathleen Gerson

Hard Choices: How Women Decide about Work, Career, and Motherhood

Author: Kathleen Gerson
Publisher: University of California Press
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux

Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends

Author: Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux
Publisher: Social Science Research
Date:
Outsourcing at Will: The Contribution of Unjust Dismissal Doctrine to the Growth of Employment Outsourcing David H. Autor

Outsourcing at Will: The Contribution of Unjust Dismissal Doctrine to the Growth of Employment Outsourcing

Author: David H. Autor
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
America Unequal Sheldon Danziger and Peter Gottschalk

America Unequal

Author: Sheldon Danziger and Peter Gottschalk
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Date:
A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market Edna Bonacich

A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market

Author: Edna Bonacich
Publisher:
Date:

An important source of antagonism between ethnic groups is hypothesized to be a split labor market, i.e. one in which there is a large differential in price of labor for the same occupation. The price of labor is not a response to race or ethnicity of those entering the labor market. A price differential results from differences in resources and motives which are often correlates of ethnicity. A split labor market produces a three-way conflict between business and the two labor groups, with business seeking to displace higher paid by cheaper labor. Ethnic antagonism can take two forms: exclusion movements and "caste" systems. Both are seen as victories for higher paid labor since they prevent undercutting.

Safety Net - Multimedia

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