Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Racial Profiling In Medical Research Robert S. Schwartz

Racial Profiling In Medical Research

Author: Robert S. Schwartz
Publisher:
Date:
Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm

Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth

Author: Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
Poverty, Parenting and Children’s Mental Health McLeod, Jane .D. and Michael .J. Shanahan

Poverty, Parenting and Children’s Mental Health

Author: McLeod, Jane .D. and Michael .J. Shanahan
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Consequences of Employment Protection? The Case of the Americans with Disabilities Act Daron Acemoglu and Joshua D. Angrist

Consequences of Employment Protection? The Case of the Americans with Disabilities Act

Author: Daron Acemoglu and Joshua D. Angrist
Publisher:
Date:
Policy Watch: U.S. Disability Policy in a Changing Environment Richard V. Burkhauser and Mary C. Daly

Policy Watch: U.S. Disability Policy in a Changing Environment

Author: Richard V. Burkhauser and Mary C. Daly
Publisher:
Date:

Safety Net - CPI Affiliates

Phillip Levine William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research Wellesley College
Robert Charles ... Associate Professor Columbia University
Stefan Svallfors Professor Umea University
Theda Skocpol Victor S. Thomas Professor of Government and Sociology; Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Harvard University
Theodore R. Marmor Professor of Public Policy and Management; Professor of Political Science Yale University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
The High-Pressure U.S. Labor Market of the 1990s Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger

The High-Pressure U.S. Labor Market of the 1990s

Author: Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger
Publisher: Princeton University
Date:
The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications Michael J. Piore

The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications

Author: Michael J. Piore
Publisher: Winthrop Publishers
Date:
Bait and Switch: The (Futile) Pursuit of the American Dream Barbara Ehrenreich

Bait and Switch: The (Futile) Pursuit of the American Dream

Author: Barbara Ehrenreich
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
Date:
The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence Olivier J. Blanchard and Justin Wolfers

The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence

Author: Olivier J. Blanchard and Justin Wolfers
Publisher: The Economic Journal
Date:
The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith

The Wealth of Nations

Author: Adam Smith
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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