Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Air Pollution, Health, and Socio-Economic Status: The Effect of Outdoor Air Quality on Childhood Asthma Neidell, Matthew

Air Pollution, Health, and Socio-Economic Status: The Effect of Outdoor Air Quality on Childhood Asthma

Author: Neidell, Matthew
Publisher: Journal of Health Economics
Date:
Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient Anne Case, Darren Lubotsky and Christina Paxson

Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient

Author: Anne Case, Darren Lubotsky and Christina Paxson
Publisher: American Economic Review
Date:
The Rise in Disability and the Decline in Unemployment Autor, David and Mark Duggun

The Rise in Disability and the Decline in Unemployment

Author: Autor, David and Mark Duggun
Publisher: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Date:
Pharmaceuticals and the Developing World Michael Kremer

Pharmaceuticals and the Developing World

Author: Michael Kremer
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date:
The Epidemiology of Social Stress Turner, Jay R., Blair Wheaton and Donald A. Lloyd

The Epidemiology of Social Stress

Author: Turner, Jay R., Blair Wheaton and Donald A. Lloyd
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Daniel Bertaux's picture Daniel Bertaux Member, Centre d'etude des mouvements sociaux, Director of research, Centre national de la recherche scientifique
École des hautes Études en science sociales
Victor Fuchs's picture Victor Fuchs Henry J. Kaiser, Jr. Professor of Economics and of Health Research and Policy (Emeritus)
Stanford University
Yu-Ling Chang Assistant Professor of Social Welfare
University of California, Berkeley
Michael S. Wald's picture Michael S. Wald Jackson Eli Reynolds Professor of Law, Emeritus, Professor (by courtesy) of Education
Stanford University
Michele Landis Dauber's picture Michele Landis Dauber Frederick I. Richman Professor of Law; Professor of Sociology (by courtesy)
Stanford University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Securing Prosperity Paul Osterman

Securing Prosperity

Author: Paul Osterman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...

Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore

Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis

Author: Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore
Publisher: M E Sharpe, Inc
Date:
Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs Paul Willis

Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs

Author: Paul Willis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Date:
Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Author:
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

Sorry, but no media items exist for this research group.