Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
The Health and Earnings of Rejected Disability Insurance Applicants Bound, John

The Health and Earnings of Rejected Disability Insurance Applicants

Author: Bound, John
Publisher: American Economic Review
Date:
What Did Medicare Do? The Initial Impact of Medicare on Mortality and Out of Pocket Medical Spending Finkelstein, Amy and Robin McKnight

What Did Medicare Do? The Initial Impact of Medicare on Mortality and Out of Pocket Medical Spending

Author: Finkelstein, Amy and Robin McKnight
Publisher: Journal of Public Economics
Date:
Low Socioeconomic Status and Mental Disorders: A Longitudinal Study of Selection and Causation During Young Adulthood Richard Miech, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie Moffitt,...

Low Socioeconomic Status and Mental Disorders: A Longitudinal Study of Selection and Causation During Young Adulthood

Author: Richard Miech, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie Moffitt,...
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
Healthy Bodies and Thick Wallets: The Dual Relation between Health and Economic Status James P. Smith

Healthy Bodies and Thick Wallets: The Dual Relation between Health and Economic Status

Author: James P. Smith
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date:
Economic Analysis of Transfer Programs targeted on People with Disabilities Bound, John and Richard V. Burkhauser

Economic Analysis of Transfer Programs targeted on People with Disabilities

Author: Bound, John and Richard V. Burkhauser
Publisher: Amsterdam: Elsevier
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Torben Iversen's picture Torben Iversen Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy; BP Centennial Professor at London School of Business
Harvard University
Daniel Bertaux's picture Daniel Bertaux Member, Centre d'etude des mouvements sociaux, Director of research, Centre national de la recherche scientifique
École des hautes Études en science sociales
Victor Fuchs's picture Victor Fuchs Henry J. Kaiser, Jr. Professor of Economics and of Health Research and Policy (Emeritus)
Stanford University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Between Class and Market Bruce Western

Between Class and Market

Author: Bruce Western
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Nickel-and-Dimed: On (not) Getting by in America Barbara Ehrenreich

Nickel-and-Dimed: On (not) Getting by in America

Author: Barbara Ehrenreich
Publisher: Macmillan
Date:
Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century Harry Braverman

Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century

Author: Harry Braverman
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
Date:
An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to Jobs Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg

An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to Jobs

Author: Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Academic Press
Date:
Changes in Labor Force Participation in the United States Juhn Chinhui and Simon Potter

Changes in Labor Force Participation in the United States

Author: Juhn Chinhui and Simon Potter
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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