Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions

Author: David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard
Publisher: Review of Economic and Statistics
Date:
Health, Income, and Inequality John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe

Health, Income, and Inequality

Author: John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation Publications
Date:
Social Class Psychological Distress Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary

Social Class Psychological Distress

Author: Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Racial Profiling In Medical Research Robert S. Schwartz

Racial Profiling In Medical Research

Author: Robert S. Schwartz
Publisher:
Date:
Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm

Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth

Author: Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:

Safety Net - CPI Affiliates

Thomas E. MaCurdy Professor of Economics; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution Stanford University
Torben Iversen Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy Harvard University
Victor Fuchs Henry J. Kaiser, Jr. Professor of Economics and of Health Research and Policy (Emeritus) Stanford University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore

Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis

Author: Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore
Publisher: M E Sharpe, Inc
Date:
Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs Paul Willis

Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs

Author: Paul Willis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Date:
Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Author:
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
Falling from Grace Katherine S. Newman

Falling from Grace

Author: Katherine S. Newman
Publisher: University of California Press
Date:
Divergent Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor Market Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....

Divergent Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor Market

Author: Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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