Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko
The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.
Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.
Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.
California Welfare Laboratory: The poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.
Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs. Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?
Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.
The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?
Safety Net - CPI Research
|Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions||David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard||
Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid ExpansionsAuthor: David Card and Lara D. Shore-Sheppard
Publisher: Review of Economic and Statistics
|Health, Income, and Inequality||John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe||
Health, Income, and InequalityAuthor: John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation Publications
|Social Class Psychological Distress||Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary||
Social Class Psychological DistressAuthor: Kessler, Ronald C., and Paul D. Cleary
Publisher: American Sociological Review
|Racial Profiling In Medical Research||Robert S. Schwartz||
Racial Profiling In Medical ResearchAuthor: Robert S. Schwartz
|Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth||Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm||
Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity GrowthAuthor: Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Safety Net - CPI Affiliates
|Thomas E. MaCurdy||Professor of Economics; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution||Stanford University|
|Torben Iversen||Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy||Harvard University|
|Victor Fuchs||Henry J. Kaiser, Jr. Professor of Economics and of Health Research and Policy (Emeritus)||Stanford University|
Safety Net - Other Research
|Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis||Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore||
Internal Labor Markets and Manpower AnalysisAuthor: Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore
Publisher: M E Sharpe, Inc
|Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs||Paul Willis||
Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class JobsAuthor: Paul Willis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
|Differences and Changes in Wage Structures||
Differences and Changes in Wage StructuresAuthor:
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
|Falling from Grace||Katherine S. Newman||
Falling from GraceAuthor: Katherine S. Newman
Publisher: University of California Press
|Divergent Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor Market||Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....||
Divergent Paths: Economic Mobility in the New American Labor MarketAuthor: Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Safety Net - Multimedia
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