Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health) Alan H. Goodman

Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health)

Author: Alan H. Goodman
Publisher:
Date:
Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children? Janet Currie and Mark Stabile

Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children?

Author: Janet Currie and Mark Stabile
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...

Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families

Author: Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...
Publisher: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Date:
The Meanings of “Race” in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research Sandra Lee, Joanna Mountain, and Barbara Koenig

The Meanings of “Race” in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research

Author: Sandra Lee, Joanna Mountain, and Barbara Koenig
Publisher:
Date:
Mental Disorders in Urban Areas: An Ecological Study of Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses Faris, Robert E., and Warren H. Dunham

Mental Disorders in Urban Areas: An Ecological Study of Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses

Author: Faris, Robert E., and Warren H. Dunham
Publisher: Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Date:

Safety Net - CPI Affiliates

Thomas E. MaCurdy Professor of Economics; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution Stanford University
Torben Iversen Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy Harvard University
Victor Fuchs Henry J. Kaiser, Jr. Professor of Economics and of Health Research and Policy (Emeritus) Stanford University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
What Do Unions Do Freeman, Richard B. and James L. Medoff

What Do Unions Do

Author: Freeman, Richard B. and James L. Medoff
Publisher: Basic Books
Date:
The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel

The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity

Author: Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel
Publisher: Basic Books, Inc.
Date:
Divergent paths: economic mobility in the new American labor market Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....

Divergent paths: economic mobility in the new American labor market

Author: Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Date:
Unemployment in the OECD since the 1960s. What Do We Know? Stephen Nickell, Luca Nunziata and Wolfgang Ochel

Unemployment in the OECD since the 1960s. What Do We Know?

Author: Stephen Nickell, Luca Nunziata and Wolfgang Ochel
Publisher: The Economic Journal
Date:
The Deindustrialization of America Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison

The Deindustrialization of America

Author: Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison
Publisher: New York: Basic Books.
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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