Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko
The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.
Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.
Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.
California Welfare Laboratory: The poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.
Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs. Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?
Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.
The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?
Safety Net - CPI Research
|Making Ends Meet||Kathryn Edin, Laura Lein||
Making Ends MeetAuthor: Kathryn Edin, Laura Lein
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
|Getting a Job||Mark Granovetter||
Getting a JobAuthor: Mark Granovetter
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
|Air Pollution, Health, and Socio-Economic Status: The Effect of Outdoor Air Quality on Childhood Asthma||Neidell, Matthew||
Air Pollution, Health, and Socio-Economic Status: The Effect of Outdoor Air Quality on Childhood AsthmaAuthor: Neidell, Matthew
Publisher: Journal of Health Economics
|Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient||Anne Case, Darren Lubotsky and Christina Paxson||
Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the GradientAuthor: Anne Case, Darren Lubotsky and Christina Paxson
Publisher: American Economic Review
|The Rise in Disability and the Decline in Unemployment||Autor, David and Mark Duggun||
The Rise in Disability and the Decline in UnemploymentAuthor: Autor, David and Mark Duggun
Publisher: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Safety Net - CPI Affiliates
|Marta Tienda||Professor; Maurice P. During '22 Professor in Demographic Studies||Princeton University|
|Michael S. Wald||Jackson Eli Reynolds Professor of Law; Professor (by courtesy) of Education||Stanford University|
|Michele Landis ...||Associate Professor of Law; Associate Professor of Sociology (by courtesy)||Stanford University|
|Patrick Heuveline||Professor, Sociology||University of California, Los Angeles|
|Peter J. Hammond||Professor of Economics, Stanford University||University of Warwick|
Safety Net - Other Research
|Between Class and Market||Bruce Western||
Between Class and MarketAuthor: Bruce Western
Publisher: Princeton University Press
|Nickel-and-Dimed: On (not) Getting by in America||Barbara Ehrenreich||
Nickel-and-Dimed: On (not) Getting by in AmericaAuthor: Barbara Ehrenreich
|Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century||Harry Braverman||
Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth CenturyAuthor: Harry Braverman
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
|An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to Jobs||Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg||
An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to JobsAuthor: Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Academic Press
|Changes in Labor Force Participation in the United States||Juhn Chinhui and Simon Potter||
Changes in Labor Force Participation in the United StatesAuthor: Juhn Chinhui and Simon Potter
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Safety Net - Multimedia
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