Foreign-Born/Native Disparity in Unemployment Rate


Unemployment rate of foreign-born population age 16 and over, divided by unemployment rate of native-born population age 16 and over.


Ratios are calculated by the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, using the U.S. Census Bureau Foreign-Born Population Data Tables. The Census Bureau’s estimates are based on the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Methodological Notes: 

“Foreign-born” includes both non-citizens and naturalized citizens.

The unemployment rate is the number of people who are unemployed as a percentage of the civilian labor force. People are classified as unemployed if they do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the prior four weeks, and are currently available for work. Persons who are not working and are waiting to be recalled to a job from which they have been temporarily laid off are also counted as unemployed. The civilian labor force includes people who are currently working and people who are unemployed according to the above definition.