Foreign-Born/Native Disparity in Poverty Rate


Poverty rate of foreign-born population divided by poverty rate of native-born population.


Ratios are calculated by the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, using the U.S. Census Bureau Historical Poverty Tables. The Census Bureau’s estimates are based on the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Methodological Notes: 

To classify people as poor, the Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition. If a family's total income is below the poverty threshold relevant to that family, then every individual in the family is classified as poor. The official poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated for inflation using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition uses money income before taxes as its measure of income, and does not include capital gains or the monetary value of noncash benefits such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps. For more information, see the Census Bureau’s poverty definitions.

“Foreign-born” includes both non-citizens and naturalized citizens.