Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
The Epidemiology of Social Stress Turner, Jay R., Blair Wheaton and Donald A. Lloyd

The Epidemiology of Social Stress

Author: Turner, Jay R., Blair Wheaton and Donald A. Lloyd
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Stature and Status: Height, Ability, and Labor Market Outcomes Anne Case and Christina Paxson

Stature and Status: Height, Ability, and Labor Market Outcomes

Author: Anne Case and Christina Paxson
Publisher: Journal of Political Economy
Date:
Job Displacement, Disability, and Divorce Charles, Kerwin Kofi and Stephens, Melvin Jr.

Job Displacement, Disability, and Divorce

Author: Charles, Kerwin Kofi and Stephens, Melvin Jr.
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health) Alan H. Goodman

Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health)

Author: Alan H. Goodman
Publisher:
Date:
Space Meets Time: Integrating Temporal and Contextual Influences on Mental Health in Early Adulthood Wheaton, Blair, and Philippa Clarke

Space Meets Time: Integrating Temporal and Contextual Influences on Mental Health in Early Adulthood

Author: Wheaton, Blair, and Philippa Clarke
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Scott Allard Daniel J. Evans Endowed Professor of Social Policy
University of Washington
Chris Wimer Co-Director, Center on Poverty and Social Policy
Columbia University
Michael S. Wald's picture Michael S. Wald Jackson Eli Reynolds Professor of Law, Emeritus, Professor (by courtesy) of Education
Stanford University
Michele Landis Dauber's picture Michele Landis Dauber Frederick I. Richman Professor of Law; Professor of Sociology (by courtesy)
Stanford University
Thomas E. MaCurdy's picture Thomas E. MaCurdy Professor of Economics; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Stanford University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications Michael J. Piore

The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications

Author: Michael J. Piore
Publisher: Winthrop Publishers
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux

Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends

Author: Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux
Publisher: Social Science Research
Date:
Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism Michael Burawoy

Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism

Author: Michael Burawoy
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
The Deindustrialization of America Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison

The Deindustrialization of America

Author: Bluestone, Barry, and Bennett Harrison
Publisher: New York: Basic Books.
Date:
An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to Jobs Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg

An Outline of a Theory of the Matching of Persons to Jobs

Author: Aage B. Sørensen and Arne L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Academic Press
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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