Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children? Janet Currie and Mark Stabile

Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children?

Author: Janet Currie and Mark Stabile
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...

Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families

Author: Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...
Publisher: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Date:
The Meanings of “Race” in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research Sandra Lee, Joanna Mountain, and Barbara Koenig

The Meanings of “Race” in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research

Author: Sandra Lee, Joanna Mountain, and Barbara Koenig
Publisher:
Date:
Mental Disorders in Urban Areas: An Ecological Study of Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses Faris, Robert E., and Warren H. Dunham

Mental Disorders in Urban Areas: An Ecological Study of Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses

Author: Faris, Robert E., and Warren H. Dunham
Publisher: Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Date:
Socioeconomic Status and Health Adler, Nancy E., Thomas Boyce, Margaret A....

Socioeconomic Status and Health

Author: Adler, Nancy E., Thomas Boyce, Margaret A....
Publisher: American Psychologist
Date:

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Outsourcing at Will: The Contribution of Unjust Dismissal Doctrine to the Growth of Employment Outsourcing David H. Autor

Outsourcing at Will: The Contribution of Unjust Dismissal Doctrine to the Growth of Employment Outsourcing

Author: David H. Autor
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century Harry Braverman

Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century

Author: Harry Braverman
Publisher: Monthly Review Press
Date:
Economic Segmentation, Worker Power, and Income Inequality Kalleberg, Arne. L., Michael Wallace and Robert P...

Economic Segmentation, Worker Power, and Income Inequality

Author: Kalleberg, Arne. L., Michael Wallace and Robert P...
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
The Brave New World of Work Ulrich Bech

The Brave New World of Work

Author: Ulrich Bech
Publisher: Polity Press
Date:
Divergent paths: economic mobility in the new American labor market Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....

Divergent paths: economic mobility in the new American labor market

Author: Martina Morris, Mark Stephen Handcock, Marc A....
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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