Social Mobility

  • Gary Solon
  • Raj Chetty
  • Florencia Torche

Leaders: Raj Chetty, Gary Solon, Florencia Torche

The purpose of the Social Mobility RG is to develop and exploit new administrative sources for measuring mobility and the effects of policy on mobility out of poverty. This research group is doing so by (a) providing comprehensive analyses of intergenerational mobility based on linked administrative data from U.S. tax returns, W-2s, and other sources, and (b) developing a new infrastructure for monitoring social mobility, dubbed the American Opportunity Study, that is based on linking census and other administrative data. Here’s a sampling of projects:

Small place estimates: The Equal Opportunity Project, led by Raj Chetty, uses tax return data to monitor opportunities for mobility out of poverty. In one of the new lines of analysis coming out of this project, the first round of results at the level of “commuting zones” are being redone at a more detailed level (e.g., census block level), thus allowing for even better inferences about the effects of place.

The American Opportunity Study: This research group is also collaborating with the Census Bureau to develop a new infrastructure for monitoring mobility that treats linked decennial census data as the spine on which other administrative data are hung.

Colleges and rising income inequality: Where do poor children go to attend college? The “Mobility Report Card” will convey the joint distribution of parent and student incomes for every Title IV institution in the United States.

The “absolute mobility” of the poor: What fraction of poor children grow up to earn more than their parents? Have rates of absolute upward mobility changed over time? This project develops a new method of estimating rates of absolute mobility for the 1940-1984 birth cohorts.

Intergenerational elasticities in the U.S.: There remains some debate about the size of intergenerational elasticities in the U.S. A rarely-used sample of 1987 tax data provides new evidence on U.S. elasticities.

Mobility - CPI Research

Title Author Media
How Class Works: Objective and Subjective Aspects of Class since the 1970s Michael Hout

How Class Works: Objective and Subjective Aspects of Class since the 1970s

Author: Michael Hout
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Date: 07/2008
Getting a Job: Is There a Motherhood Penalty? Shelley J. Correll, Stephen Benard, In Paik

Getting a Job: Is There a Motherhood Penalty?

Author: Shelley J. Correll, Stephen Benard, In Paik
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date: 03/2007
Social Class and Earnings Inequality Kim A. Weeden, Young-Mi Kim, Matthew Di Carlo, David B. Grusky

Social Class and Earnings Inequality

Author: Kim A. Weeden, Young-Mi Kim, Matthew Di Carlo, David B. Grusky
Publisher: American Behavioral Scientist
Date: 01/2007
Life-Cycle Variation in the Association between Current and Lifetime Earnings Steven Haider , Gary Solon

Life-Cycle Variation in the Association between Current and Lifetime Earnings

Author: Steven Haider , Gary Solon
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date: 09/2005
The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes Mark S. Granovetter

The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes

Author: Mark S. Granovetter
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date: 01/2005

mobility - CPI Affiliates

Rick Fantasia's picture Rick Fantasia Barbara Richmond 1940 Professor in the Social Sciences and Professor of Sociology; Director, Kahn Liberal Arts Institute
Smith College
Robert Erikson's picture Robert Erikson Professor, Institute for Social Research
Stockholm University
Nathaniel Hendren's picture Nathaniel Hendren Assistant Professor of Economics
Harvard University
Ruud Luijkx's picture Ruud Luijkx Associate Professor of Sociology
Tilburg University
Scott Eliason's picture Scott Eliason Associate Professor
University of Minnesota

Pages

Mobility - Other Research

Title Author Media
The Great U-Turn: Corporate Restructuring and the Polarizing of America Bennett Harrison and Barry Bluestone

The Great U-Turn: Corporate Restructuring and the Polarizing of America

Author: Bennett Harrison and Barry Bluestone
Publisher: Basic Books, Inc.
Date:
Changes in the Structure of Wages in the 1980’s: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations John Bound and George Johnson

Changes in the Structure of Wages in the 1980’s: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations

Author: John Bound and George Johnson
Publisher: American Economic Review
Date:
Disorder in the Life Course: How Common and Does it Matter? Rindfuss, Ronald, C. Gray Swicegood, and Rachel A...

Disorder in the Life Course: How Common and Does it Matter?

Author: Rindfuss, Ronald, C. Gray Swicegood, and Rachel A...
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Author:
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
Life Course Risks, Mobility Regimes, and Mobility Consequences: A Comparison of Sweden, Germany, and the U.S. Thomas A. DiPrete

Life Course Risks, Mobility Regimes, and Mobility Consequences: A Comparison of Sweden, Germany, and the U.S.

Author: Thomas A. DiPrete
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:

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