Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra

The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums

Author: Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity Michael Marmot

The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity

Author: Michael Marmot
Publisher: Times Books
Date:
Disaggregating Employment Protection: The Case of Disability Discrimination Christine Jolls and Prescott, J.J.

Disaggregating Employment Protection: The Case of Disability Discrimination

Author: Christine Jolls and Prescott, J.J.
Publisher:
Date:
Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population Douglas Almond

Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population

Author: Douglas Almond
Publisher: Journal of Political Economy
Date:
Why Have Americans Become More Obese? Cutler, David M., Edward L. Glaeser and Jesse M....

Why Have Americans Become More Obese?

Author: Cutler, David M., Edward L. Glaeser and Jesse M....
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Torben Iversen's picture Torben Iversen Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy; BP Centennial Professor at London School of Business
Harvard University
Victor Fuchs's picture Victor Fuchs Henry J. Kaiser, Jr. Professor of Economics and of Health Research and Policy (Emeritus)
Stanford University
Yu-Ling Chang Assistant Professor of Social Welfare
University of California, Berkeley

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism Michael Burawoy

Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process under Monopoly Capitalism

Author: Michael Burawoy
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
Employment Relationships in the New Economy David Neumark and Debbie Reed

Employment Relationships in the New Economy

Author: David Neumark and Debbie Reed
Publisher: Labour Economics
Date:
Securing Prosperity Paul Osterman

Securing Prosperity

Author: Paul Osterman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Governmental Constraints and Labor Market Mobility Abbott, A. and D.R. Smith

Governmental Constraints and Labor Market Mobility

Author: Abbott, A. and D.R. Smith
Publisher:
Date:
Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...

Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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