Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health) Alan H. Goodman

Why Genes Don’t Count (for Racial Differences in Health)

Author: Alan H. Goodman
Publisher:
Date:
Space Meets Time: Integrating Temporal and Contextual Influences on Mental Health in Early Adulthood Wheaton, Blair, and Philippa Clarke

Space Meets Time: Integrating Temporal and Contextual Influences on Mental Health in Early Adulthood

Author: Wheaton, Blair, and Philippa Clarke
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children? Janet Currie and Mark Stabile

Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children?

Author: Janet Currie and Mark Stabile
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date:
Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...

Expensive Children in Poor Families: Out-of-Pocket Expenditures for the Care of Disabled and Chronically Ill Children in Welfare Families

Author: Lukemeyer, Anna, Marcia K. Meyers, Timothy...
Publisher: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Date:
The Meanings of “Race” in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research Sandra Lee, Joanna Mountain, and Barbara Koenig

The Meanings of “Race” in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research

Author: Sandra Lee, Joanna Mountain, and Barbara Koenig
Publisher:
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Edward B. Montgomery's picture Edward B. Montgomery Dean of the McCourt School of Public Policy; Research Associate, National Bureau for Economic Research; Fellow, National Academy of Public Administration
Georgetown University
Emily Hannum's picture Emily Hannum Professor of Sociology and Education; Associate Director, Population Studies Center
Univerisity of Pennsylvania
Isabela Mares's picture Isabela Mares Professor of Political Science; Victoria Schuck Faculty Scholar
Columbia University

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
The High-Pressure U.S. Labor Market of the 1990s Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger

The High-Pressure U.S. Labor Market of the 1990s

Author: Lawrence F. Katz and Alan B. Krueger
Publisher: Princeton University
Date:
The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications Michael J. Piore

The Dual Labor Market: Theory and Implications

Author: Michael J. Piore
Publisher: Winthrop Publishers
Date:
Bait and Switch: The (Futile) Pursuit of the American Dream Barbara Ehrenreich

Bait and Switch: The (Futile) Pursuit of the American Dream

Author: Barbara Ehrenreich
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
Date:
The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence Olivier J. Blanchard and Justin Wolfers

The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence

Author: Olivier J. Blanchard and Justin Wolfers
Publisher: The Economic Journal
Date:
The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith

The Wealth of Nations

Author: Adam Smith
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

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