Safety Net Use

  • Karen Jusko
  • Mark Duggan
  • Hilary Hoynes

Leaders: Mark Duggan, Hilary Hoynes, Karen Jusko

The Safety Net RG is devoted to monitoring changes in government transfers and anti-poverty programs and assessing whether they are meeting the needs of the poor. The U.S. safety net is undergoing such changes as (a) an ongoing decline in TANF cash benefits, (b) rapid increases in spending on EITC, Medicaid, Disability Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, and SNAP, and (c) a dramatic shift toward spending that favors the “working poor” over the more destitute. The CPI affiliates working within this research group are monitoring these changes, examining their implications for poverty, assessing the effectiveness of key government and nongovernment programs in reducing poverty, and modeling the costs and benefits of possible changes in policy and programs. We’ve provided a sampling here of some of this ongoing research.

Poverty Relief Project: With Kate Weisshaar, Karen Jusko uses the poverty relief ratio to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs over time, across states, and across countries. Which state is the least effective in fighting poverty? Has the U.S. become more or less effective over time? These and other questions are answered in our latest State of the Union reports.

Long-run effects of SNAP: Have we underestimated the returns to SNAP by ignoring the long-run effects on children exposed to it in their early childhood? It’s now possible to find out.

California Welfare LaboratoryThe poverty rate in California, when measured with the Supplemental Poverty Measure, is the highest in the country. What can be done to bring that rate down? The mission of the California Welfare Laboratory is to make research on California’s welfare programs accessible to all and thus facilitate an informed discussion of what is working and what needs to be improved.

Differential EITC effects: It is often argued that early interventions have especially high payoffs.  Are the returns to the EITC indeed larger when it goes to parents with young children?

Disability and poverty: Does the federal government’s disability program reduce labor supply? Although it’s long been difficult to identify a causal effect, Mark Duggan has now found a way.

The effects of TANF: The TANF program is very decentralized and thus takes on dramatically different forms. How can we exploit that variability to find out what’s working?

Safety Net - CPI Research

Title Author Media
The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra

The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums

Author: Baicker, Katherine and Amitabh Chandra
Publisher: Journal of Labor Economics
Date:
The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity Michael Marmot

The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity

Author: Michael Marmot
Publisher: Times Books
Date:
Disaggregating Employment Protection: The Case of Disability Discrimination Christine Jolls and Prescott, J.J.

Disaggregating Employment Protection: The Case of Disability Discrimination

Author: Christine Jolls and Prescott, J.J.
Publisher:
Date:
Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population Douglas Almond

Is the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Over? Long-Term Effects of In Utero Influenza Exposure in the Post-1940 U.S. Population

Author: Douglas Almond
Publisher: Journal of Political Economy
Date:
Why Have Americans Become More Obese? Cutler, David M., Edward L. Glaeser and Jesse M....

Why Have Americans Become More Obese?

Author: Cutler, David M., Edward L. Glaeser and Jesse M....
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date:

safety net - CPI Affiliates

Alan M. Garber's picture Alan M. Garber Provost, Mallinckrodt Professor of Health Care Policy
Harvard University
Theda Skocpol's picture Theda Skocpol Victor S. Thomas Professor of Government and Sociology
Harvard University
Brigitte Madrian's picture Brigitte Madrian Aetna Professor of Public Policy and Corporate Management; Research Associate and Co-Director, Household Finance working group, National Bureau of Economic Research
Harvard University
Theodore R. Marmor's picture Theodore R. Marmor Professor Emeritus of Public Policy and Management & Professor Emeritus of Political Science
Yale University
Bruce D. Meyer's picture Bruce D. Meyer McCormick Foundation Professor of Public Policy; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research
University of Chicago

Pages

Safety Net - Other Research

Title Author Media
Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...

Bad jobs in America : Standard and nonstandard employment relations and job quality in the United States

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg, Barbara F. Reskin and Ken...
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore

Internal Labor Markets and Manpower Analysis

Author: Peter B. Doeringer and Michael J. Piore
Publisher: M E Sharpe, Inc
Date:
Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs Paul Willis

Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs

Author: Paul Willis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Date:
Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Differences and Changes in Wage Structures

Author:
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Date:
Falling from Grace Katherine S. Newman

Falling from Grace

Author: Katherine S. Newman
Publisher: University of California Press
Date:

Safety Net - Multimedia

Sorry, but no media items exist for this research group.