Social Mobility

  • Gary Solon
  • Raj Chetty
  • Florencia Torche

Leaders: Raj Chetty, Gary Solon, Florencia Torche

The purpose of the Social Mobility RG is to develop and exploit new administrative sources for measuring mobility and the effects of policy on mobility out of poverty. This research group is doing so by (a) providing comprehensive analyses of intergenerational mobility based on linked administrative data from U.S. tax returns, W-2s, and other sources, and (b) developing a new infrastructure for monitoring social mobility, dubbed the American Opportunity Study, that is based on linking census and other administrative data. Here’s a sampling of projects:

Small place estimates: The Equal Opportunity Project, led by Raj Chetty, uses tax return data to monitor opportunities for mobility out of poverty. In one of the new lines of analysis coming out of this project, the first round of results at the level of “commuting zones” are being redone at a more detailed level (e.g., census block level), thus allowing for even better inferences about the effects of place.

The American Opportunity Study: This research group is also collaborating with the Census Bureau to develop a new infrastructure for monitoring mobility that treats linked decennial census data as the spine on which other administrative data are hung.

Colleges and rising income inequality: Where do poor children go to attend college? The “Mobility Report Card” will convey the joint distribution of parent and student incomes for every Title IV institution in the United States.

The “absolute mobility” of the poor: What fraction of poor children grow up to earn more than their parents? Have rates of absolute upward mobility changed over time? This project develops a new method of estimating rates of absolute mobility for the 1940-1984 birth cohorts.

Intergenerational elasticities in the U.S.: There remains some debate about the size of intergenerational elasticities in the U.S. A rarely-used sample of 1987 tax data provides new evidence on U.S. elasticities.

Mobility - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey

Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests

Author: Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey
Publisher: Social Forces
Date: 12/2003
The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause

The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility

Author: Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause
Publisher: Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Date: 01/2003
Cross-Country Differences in Intergenerational Earnings Mobility Gary Solon

Cross-Country Differences in Intergenerational Earnings Mobility

Author: Gary Solon
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date: 07/2002
Why Do Some Occupations Pay More Than Others? Kim A. Weeden

Why Do Some Occupations Pay More Than Others?

Author: Kim A. Weeden
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date: 07/2002
Sifting and Sorting: Personal Contacts and Hiring in a Retail Bank Fernandez, Roberto M., Nancy Weinberg

Sifting and Sorting: Personal Contacts and Hiring in a Retail Bank

Author: Fernandez, Roberto M., Nancy Weinberg
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date: 12/1997

mobility - CPI Affiliates

Rick Fantasia's picture Rick Fantasia Barbara Richmond 1940 Professor in the Social Sciences and Professor of Sociology; Director, Kahn Liberal Arts Institute
Smith College
Robert Erikson's picture Robert Erikson Professor, Institute for Social Research
Stockholm University
Ruud Luijkx's picture Ruud Luijkx Associate Professor of Sociology
Tilburg University
Nathaniel Hendren's picture Nathaniel Hendren Assistant Professor of Economics
Harvard University
Scott Eliason's picture Scott Eliason Associate Professor
University of Minnesota

Pages

Mobility - Other Research

Title Author Media
Wage Inequality in the United States during the 1980s: Rising Dispersion or Falling Minimum Wage? David S. Lee

Wage Inequality in the United States during the 1980s: Rising Dispersion or Falling Minimum Wage?

Author: David S. Lee
Publisher: Quarterly Journal of Economics
Date:
Life Course Risks, Mobility Regimes, and Mobility Consequences: A Comparison of Sweden, Germany, and the U.S. Thomas A. DiPrete

Life Course Risks, Mobility Regimes, and Mobility Consequences: A Comparison of Sweden, Germany, and the U.S.

Author: Thomas A. DiPrete
Publisher: American Journal of Sociology
Date:
Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach John DiNardo, Nicole M. Fortin and Thomas Lemieux

Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach

Author: John DiNardo, Nicole M. Fortin and Thomas Lemieux
Publisher: Econometrica
Date:
Cross-National Comparisons of Earning and Income Inequality Gottschalk, Peter, and Timothy Smeeding

Cross-National Comparisons of Earning and Income Inequality

Author: Gottschalk, Peter, and Timothy Smeeding
Publisher: Journal of Economic Literature
Date:
The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies Anthony Giddens

The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies

Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: Hutchinson & Co.
Date:

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