Social Mobility

  • Gary Solon
  • Raj Chetty
  • Florencia Torche

Leaders: Raj Chetty, Gary Solon, Florencia Torche

The purpose of the Social Mobility RG is to develop and exploit new administrative sources for measuring mobility and the effects of policy on mobility out of poverty. This research group is doing so by (a) providing comprehensive analyses of intergenerational mobility based on linked administrative data from U.S. tax returns, W-2s, and other sources, and (b) developing a new infrastructure for monitoring social mobility, dubbed the American Opportunity Study, that is based on linking census and other administrative data. Here’s a sampling of projects:

Small place estimates: The Equal Opportunity Project, led by Raj Chetty, uses tax return data to monitor opportunities for mobility out of poverty. In one of the new lines of analysis coming out of this project, the first round of results at the level of “commuting zones” are being redone at a more detailed level (e.g., census block level), thus allowing for even better inferences about the effects of place.

The American Opportunity Study: This research group is also collaborating with the Census Bureau to develop a new infrastructure for monitoring mobility that treats linked decennial census data as the spine on which other administrative data are hung.

Colleges and rising income inequality: Where do poor children go to attend college? The “Mobility Report Card” will convey the joint distribution of parent and student incomes for every Title IV institution in the United States.

The “absolute mobility” of the poor: What fraction of poor children grow up to earn more than their parents? Have rates of absolute upward mobility changed over time? This project develops a new method of estimating rates of absolute mobility for the 1940-1984 birth cohorts.

Intergenerational elasticities in the U.S.: There remains some debate about the size of intergenerational elasticities in the U.S. A rarely-used sample of 1987 tax data provides new evidence on U.S. elasticities.

Mobility - CPI Research

Title Author Media
Life-Cycle Variation in the Association between Current and Lifetime Earnings Steven Haider , Gary Solon

Life-Cycle Variation in the Association between Current and Lifetime Earnings

Author: Steven Haider , Gary Solon
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Date: 09/2005
The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes Mark S. Granovetter

The Impact of Social Structure on Economic Outcomes

Author: Mark S. Granovetter
Publisher: Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date: 01/2005
Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure Kelly Musick, Robert D. Mare

Recent Trends in the Inheritance of Poverty and Family Structure

Author: Kelly Musick, Robert D. Mare
Publisher: Social Science Research
Date: 01/2004
Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey

Social Capital and the Wages of Mexican Migrants: New Hypotheses and Tests

Author: Michael B. Aguilera , Douglas S. Massey
Publisher: Social Forces
Date: 12/2003
The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause

The Motherhood Wage Penalty: Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort and Work-Schedule Flexibility

Author: Deborah Anderson, Melissa Binder, Kate S Krause
Publisher: Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Date: 01/2003

Mobility - CPI Affiliates

Leslie McCall Associate Professor Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Mariah Debra Ru... Senior Research Fellow University of Melbourne
Marlis Buchmann Professor University of Zurich
Mikk Titma Senior Research Scholar Stanford University
Moshe Semyonov Professor; Professor of Sociology and Labor Studies, Tel Aviv University University of Illinois at Chicago

Pages

Mobility - Other Research

Title Author Media
Inequality and Growth Revisited Robert Barro

Inequality and Growth Revisited

Author: Robert Barro
Publisher:
Date:
Income Inequality in the United States, 1913-2002 Thomas Piketty and Emanuel Saez

Income Inequality in the United States, 1913-2002

Author: Thomas Piketty and Emanuel Saez
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date:
A Treatise on the Family Gary S. Becker

A Treatise on the Family

Author: Gary S. Becker
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Date:
International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces Francine Blau and Lawrence Kahn

International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces

Author: Francine Blau and Lawrence Kahn
Publisher: Journal of Political Economy
Date:
The Division of Labor in Society Emile Durkheim

The Division of Labor in Society

Author: Emile Durkheim
Publisher: The Free Press
Date:

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