Discrimination and Poverty

  • Shelley Correll
  • Cecilia Ridgeway
  • David Pedulla

Leaders: Shelley Correll, David Pedulla, Cecilia Ridgeway 

The Poverty and Discrimination RG is charged with developing a regularized protocol for measuring the amount and extent of discrimination in labor and housing markets. It is increasingly clear that labor market discrimination, far from withering away, remains very prominent for many statuses and in many types of markets. However, because this research tradition is based on “one-off” audit studies and laboratory experiments, it is not possible to compare across studies and assess which types of discrimination are the most important or the most resistant to change. There is accordingly a need to build a standardized protocol for monitoring trends in discrimination across the various types of discrimination in play (e.g., poverty status, employment status, homelessness, economic background, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, incarceration status, citizenship, religion, disability). The twofold objective of this protocol is to make it possible to assess which types of discrimination are especially prominent and which types are growing weaker or stronger over time.

 

Discrimination - CPI Research

Title Author Media
The Theory of Discrimination Arrow, Kenneth

The Theory of Discrimination

Author: Arrow, Kenneth
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Date:
Career Jobs are Dead Peter Cappelli

Career Jobs are Dead

Author: Peter Cappelli
Publisher: California Management Review
Date:
Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination Beck, E.M, Patrick M. Horan and Charles M....

Stratification in a Dual Economy: A Sectoral Model of Earnings Determination

Author: Beck, E.M, Patrick M. Horan and Charles M....
Publisher: American Sociological Review
Date:
Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan

Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination

Author: Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan
Publisher: The American Economic Association
Date:

We perform a field experiment to measure racial discrimination in the labor market. We respond with fictitious resumes to help-wanted ads in Boston and Chicago newspapers. To manipulate perception of race, each resume is randomly assigned either a very African American sounding name or a very White sounding name. The results show significant discrimination against African-American names: White names receive 50 percent more callbacks for interviews. We also find that race affects the benefits of a
better resume. For White names, a higher quality resume elicits 30 percent more callbacks whereas for African Americans, it elicits a far smaller increase. Applicants living in better neighborhoods receive more callbacks but, interestingly, this effect does not differ by race. The amount of discrimination is uniform across occupations and industries. Federal contractors and employers who list “Equal Opportunity Employer” in their ad discriminate as much as other employers. We find little evidence that our results
are driven by employers inferring something other than race, such as social class, from the names. These results suggest that racial discrimination is still a prominent feature of the labor market.

Who's "In" and Who's "Out": State Fragmentation and the Struggle over Gay Rights, 1974-1999 Regina Werum, Bill Winders

Who's "In" and Who's "Out": State Fragmentation and the Struggle over Gay Rights, 1974-1999

Author: Regina Werum, Bill Winders
Publisher: Social Problems
Date:

discrimination - CPI Affiliates

R. Richard Banks's picture R. Richard Banks Jackson Eli Reynolds Professor of Law, Justin M. Roach, Jr. Faculty Scholar
Stanford University
Alison Morantz's picture Alison Morantz James and Nancy Kelso Professor of Law
Stanford University
David Neumark's picture David Neumark Founding Director, Economic Self-Sufficiency Policy Research Institute (ESSPRI); Chancellor’s Professor of Economics; Research Associate, NBER; Research Fellow, IZA; Director, Center for Economics & Public Policy
University of California, Irvine
Donald Tomaskovic-Devey's picture Donald Tomaskovic-Devey Professor of Sociology; Research Analyst, US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Office of Research, Information and Planning
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
James Sidanius's picture James Sidanius John Lindsley Professor of Psychology in memory of William James and of African and African American Studies
Harvard University

Pages

Discrimination - Other Research

Title Author Media
The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World Castles Stephen and Mark J. Miller

The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World

Author: Castles Stephen and Mark J. Miller
Publisher: Guilford Press
Date:
Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux

Internal Labor Markets and Earnings Trajectories in the Post-Fordist Economy: An Analysis of Recent Trends

Author: Thomas DiPrete, Eric Maurin and Dominique Goux
Publisher: Social Science Research
Date:
Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany Brubaker, Rogers W.

Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany

Author: Brubaker, Rogers W.
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Date:
Citizenship and Social Class T. H. Marshall and Tom Bottomore

Citizenship and Social Class

Author: T. H. Marshall and Tom Bottomore
Publisher: Pluto Press
Date:
Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City Elijah Anderson

Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City

Author: Elijah Anderson
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Company
Date:

Discrimination - Multimedia

Sorry, but no media items exist for this research group.